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Introduction to Work and Organisation

Post industrialisation is the period of development, when service sector industries are contributing more than manufacturing and agriculture industries. It is the time of rapid growth. They are generating more ideas for improving the economy. In this period people attracts more towards gaining knowledge as compared to agriculture and manufacturing. In this present essay, the analysis is on work and organisation at the time of post industrialisation. Key features of doing work efficiently and all the changes in employment pattern are part of this assignment.   Also, it gives a brief description about the traditional method of agriculture and about the wages of labour who are easily accessible for doing work in factories (Marchand and Blanc2011).

"Organisation is social unit of people that is structured and managed to meet the needs or to pursue collective goals." They all work as a unit and helps an entity  to achieve their targets successfully. All the works of every organisation contributes in their economy. Many small, medium, micro enterprises are contributing in economy by their production. Apart from large scale business MSME are also helps in society welfare and in growth of economy.  There are many non profit organisations are also work in this aspects. They are generally work for welfare of society so, their contribution can not be neglected.

Work in an organisation helps it to achieve their targets. Work is any physical or mental efforts through which all the set goals can be attain. It can also be said as task. This division of task helps an individual to improve their skills and working experience. Any organisation prepare strategies for achieving their goals and targets.

In 1860, an economy of Britain got fall. They faced many problems at the time of post industrialisation period. At that time, domestic market was smaller and the consumer demand was less for homogeneous product. At that time labour cost was cheap and it made the hiring process easy. After all this, a machine industry became a new industry for performing various activities. After the post industrialisation, Britain used machine for more production. The rate of wage labour was high at the time of post industrialisation.

The majority of labours and workers are not going to be the part of agriculture and fishing but they became the part of service sector. Because they are getting more in service. So, their interest over agricultural activities get reduced. Mostly workers are getting attract towards service sector where they have security of job.  The agriculture sector is going down day by day.

Agrarian revolution: At that time of revolution the new techniques of farming was introduced. It helps mostly to all the farmers and getting back their interest in agricultural activities from service. These changes impacted as the society people became more aware about their health.

Post industry society refers the division of specialised task and managers help managers to coordinate with workers. This post industrialisation was mainly started by large manufacturers who want to produce more and more and gave employment to large number of workers for this concern.

Britishers had more advanced technology in agriculture field than other European countries. They have more farmland for production so, they can produce more than others. Also, they have advanced technology, it helps them to produce high quality crops. At that time some important inventions has take place which helps them to produce more quantity and good quality. In this era, when service economy leads the market very well. In this situation the number of workers in service department got increased as compared to industries.

Post industrialisation was seemed to be the creative and innovative culture. As education is spreading  more and more, hence it helps many people to think creative and become successive generation in contributing more in society.

In a stable economic environment, government play a significant role. Government also helps them to adopt these changes by making aware of people towards agriculture sector on the place of service sector. They gave better quality of education and conduct awareness programmes through which everyone became aware about the agricultural activities and accept all the changes which were drawn in this era. They help farmers for purchasing new machines for agriculture. Also start providing good quality yields and take care about the health of their residents. They help many industries to get recover from the changing situation.

Government start helping to small industries hence,that they can contributes more in economy by giving more jobs to unemployed sector. Because of this growing time, large industries use machine for producing goods, employment ratio goes decline. But with help from government these small scale business entrepreneurs became able to open up their own ventures and start working in them. This made a large impact on economy because this concern helps them to produce more by labour intensive method. Also, they became creative and innovative so, they are not going to face any problems. In 1966, over half population of Britain was get engaged in service sector(Hummel 2012). They did not pay any kind of attention towards agriculture or fishing. Later on in 1971, this census got rise to 55 percent.

Hence, by introducing new methods of irrigation techniques, government wants to take their attention on agricultural activities as compared to service sector. Hence, government reduced their service sector seats and completely focused on improving the ratio of production in agriculture sector.

Current working culture

The current working culture of Britain is that they are using machines for large scale production. It helps them to adopt innovative techniques and technology in present era. It helps them to take one more step ahead in technological sector. Their present working culture not facilitates the human power growth in large scale business but they force to use machines more as compared to labour intensive techniques. This labour intensive method helps them in producing more and more goods with high quality.

But it made a impact over on labour intensive method. The machines reduce the work of human. And this may causes that some of their locals are unemployed and attracting towards service sector(Cohen, 2011.).

The machine culture promotes them to export more than others in world. They start exporting more globally. So, through this they are getting more strength in  world. Due to good quality and excellent service their prices are generally high and are not affordable for a common person. They are exporting more and importing less. But their drawback was less use of labours.  Their manpower for working is still not capable for doing any task as compared to ancient time.

Their products are ready to use, it plays as a key function in their sales. Sales increment improves their economy of their country. As this advancement promotes the job, wages and exports. The labours which usually work in factories, no compulsion to have a higher degree of any specialisation. Their creativeness and innovation is must for them. Export helps them to sale their goods internationally. They are using high quality techniques, which helps them to sale their products in a better economy country. This advancement helps them to achieve their target of export in international market.

This advancement requires more capital for new technology so, that they can produce good quality products. It was quite high for each and every firm and they were not able to install new technologies.  And it also increases the labour cost because all the labours have proper knowledge of machine. Their work can become effective.

Because large entities were only targeted about their export and gaining profit. So, these small firms helps their country by producing goods for middle class people. They also start giving employment to many workers. Because they are not able to implement new technologies due to inefficiency of money. Usually, these entities are producing for local market where they can attract more consumers and get return according to their cost. This helps them to gain profit from market. They are also using some market attracting strategies, that they can easily attract their large variety of consumers.

This expansion of time and technology also give birth to trade unions. Trade unions  normally works in favour of  workers. They help them to became more aware about their rights(Deakin and Morris 2012). Mostly lower class people were going to work on these industries because they don't have proper knowledge and skills of doing things professionally.

These organisations have to adopt some steps which helps them to motivate their employees and encourage them to doing their duties accurately. They can also get motivated through some incentive and perks. This leads to increase an individual interest in an organisation. Managers have to maintain discipline at workplace and promotes friendly behaviour, all workers can share their problems with managers(Malloch, 2010). Managers should have to work on those issues and  it helps in encourages workers to do their task on time. Continuity and efficiency of doing task help an organisation to attain their objectives on time. It may work in a profitable sector of an organisation.

Coming back to the topic again, in Britain manufacturing and agricultural sector got decline. The craze of white collar jobs and other services increases. But all people can not be able to join these type of job because they are limited in number. These people got employment from large units and some other start their work of their own. Own work establishment helps them to increase their country's economy. So, their place for service sector and educated people ratio also get increase(Llewellyn and Hindmarsh 2010).

It gave birth to globalisation and boundaries no longer be the barrier for any kind of exchange service.  (Watson and,Korczynski 2011). they start trading their products and became a leading country in sales.

So, by using all the above analysis it is concluded that post industrialisation made a very big impact on  the British economy. This change helps in increasing will for education. They totally refused to work in industries or in agriculture sector and start working on service sector. This leads government to introduces many policies for agriculture sector and leads them to work for the society. Industries have their only one goal which is to export as much as they can in global market. The large scale industries innovative many technology which helps them to produce more and more in near future. Post industrialisation time considered as creative era because many creative methods adopted by them in favour of society. It leads the craze of education in general public and they became aware about their health.

REFERENCES

  • Watson, T and Korczynski, M., 2011. Sociology, work and organisation. Routledge.
  • Llewellyn, N and Hindmarsh, J., 2010. Work and organisation in real time: an introduction. Organisation, interaction and practice: Studies of ethnomethodology and conversation analysis. pp.3-23.
  • Llewellyn, N and Hindmarsh, J. eds., 2010. Organisation, interaction and practice: Studies of ethnomethodology and conversation analysis. Cambridge University Press.
  • Deakin, S.F and Morris, G.S., 2012. Labour law. Hart publishing.
  • Malloch, M. ed., 2010. The SAGE handbook of workplace learning. Sage Publications.
  • Cohen, R.L., 2011. Time, space and touch at work: body work and labour process (re) organisation. Sociology of Health & Illness. 33(2). pp.189-205.
  • Farndale, E., and et. al., 2014. Work and organisation engagement: aligning research and practice. Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance. 1(2). pp.157-176.

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