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Driscoll Reflective Model | How to Include It in Your Assignment?

09 Sep 2020 14489
Driscoll's Reflective Model

“Bella was sitting in the waiting hall when a patient approached her. He was their regular patient, Mr. Mark, who is suffering from Asthma. Mr. Mark said that he recently found out about a new treatment online and was enquiring whether he could be prescribed for that. Bella politely replies that she wasn’t aware of this treatment, and thus, for the time being, it is better that he continued his current medication.”

What would you do if you were in her situation? How would you deal with that particular patient? Will you be able to tackle the situation better than Bella or worse? Are these questions revolving in your mind? If yes, then the reflection is the tool you need right now!

Students pursuing nursing education or undergoing clinical practices use reflective models and tools like reflection. They help them in demonstrating their everyday learning and are useful for processing thoughts after any critical incident. 

If you are also pursuing nursing, you should read this blog until the end to learn about Driscoll reflective model, one of the most popular reflection cycles. Let’s get started…

What is a Reflection and Reflective Models?

A reflection is a tool used extensively in the health and social care. This is known as the reviewing experience of the practice where students describe, analyze, evaluate, inform, and make changes in their future practices. In simple words, reflection is looking into the actions of the past and based on that taking and modifying the changes for the future. This is thus,known as using experience for growth.

Reflection uses a framework of 5R’s for deep and purposeful thinking. They are reporting, responding, relating, reasoning, and reconstructing. One can use this framework to reflect their experience on any particular incident very easily. Now, there are many more models which are used for reflection purpose, such as:

  1. Gibbs Reflective Cycle
  2. Kolb Reflective Cycle
  3. Schon Model
  4. Rolfe et al.’s Framework for Reflexive Learning
  5. John’s Model for Structured Reflection
  6. Atkin’s and Murphy Model
  7. Brookfield Model
  8. Mezirow Model of Transformative Learning
  9. Driscoll Model of Reflection

Various Reflection Models in Healthcare

Among these, the Driscoll model of reflection is the most popular. So, we shall look into it in the below section.

What is Driscoll Reflective Model?

Driscoll reflective model, as the name suggests, is a model used to reflect on something. This is one of the simplest models used for the purpose of reflecting over any nursing practices. This was developed in 1994, 2004, and 2007 by Driscoll, after whom this model is named. 

This model includes three phases of the experimental learning cycle. These three stages are inspired by the three stem questions asked initially by Terry Boston in the year 1970. They are:

Questions/Stages in Driscoll Reflective Model

Now, we shall look into each of these questions in detail:

1. What?

‘What’ is the first stage of this process. This is the stage where you describe the main incident. It again covers the following points:

  • What happened?
  • What did you observe?
  • What was your reaction?
  • What is the addressed issue?
  • What is the purpose of recollecting this situation?

2. So what?

This is the second stage of the process. Here, you analyze and understand the context and the situation. Here, you focus on the below-mentioned points:

  • Did you clarify an interest?
  • Did you learn any new skills?
  • What did you like about this experience?
  • What did you dislike about this experience?
  • What are the troubles you faced if any?

3. Now what?

This is the last stage of this process. Here, you represent the proposed actions after the occurrence of the incident or experience. This raises questions like:

  • What are the root causes of the addressed issues?
  • How to apply this learning through your experience?
  • What do you need to face a similar situation like this?
  • What should you do to alter the situation?
  • What will happen if you do not alter anything?

Now, this is all about Driscoll reflective model. Wondering what about assignment writing? Move to the below section to know how to include this model in your assignment. 

How to Use Driscoll Reflective Model in Assignment Writing?

Now, as we have already looked into what a Driscoll Reflective model is, we shall move to how to include it in your assignment. During your nursing course, when you are asked to reflect on any incident, you can follow the below steps and implement this model: 

  1. Understand the assignment topic well so that you can proceed further in the right direction.
  2. Choose your reflective cycle model. While there are more of them, Driscoll is the most commonly used model for its simplicity. (If it is already mentioned in the question, skip this step).
  3. Take a blank paper and write down the three main questions, the three stages of this model. They are, “WHAT,” “SO WHAT,” “NOW WHAT.”
  4. Brainstorm, research, discuss, and finally come up with answers for the above three questions related to your experience.
  5. Once you have answered these, go deeper into each category and answer the other questions in every category. 

So, this is the five-step process following which you can easily implement this model in your assignment. Also, do not forget to read, revise, edit, and proofread your assignment before you submit it to your professor. Also, when you are writing your assignment, focus on achieving the 4C’s of reflection, which are:

4-Cs in Driscoll Reflective Model

Now, let us take a look into the advantages and disadvantages of using this model in the below section.

What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of It?

In this section, we shall focus on the advantages and disadvantages of using this Driscoll reflective cycle for your assignment:


  1. It produces quick results.
  2. It is a very simple process.
  3. It is easy to remember and follow.
  4. It works like a simple questionnaire.
  5. It is suitable for beginners to work with ease.


  1. It cannot provide a deeper reflection.
  2. It is not suitable for layered or extensive reflection.

This model has only two disadvantages and five main advantages. So, this makes it clear that it is the ideal model for including reflections of your nursing practices in your assignment.

If you are wondering how to write a reflective essay which reflects your life experience, you can turn to assignment help. Wondering why? Read till the end to know more about it. 

What Are the Reasons One Should Seek Experts’ Help for Assignment Writing?

If you are looking forward to seeking help from the experts of Assignment Desk for including Driscoll reflective model in your assignment, and are wondering the reason why you should do so, then here are some:

  1. When you lack subject knowledge, you should seek our services to clear the concepts through assignments.
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Hope you got some solid reasons to place an order with us for your assignment. And remember! You can contact us at any hour of the day via call, text, or mail, and we will be there to help you through it! So, reach us now!

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