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In today’s scenario implementing of photovoltaic into buildings is one of the best systems to generate electric energy by converting solar energy into electrical energy. This integrated system has brings a new type of advantage in the field of architecture engineering where buildings are constructed with the involvement of solar architecture (Raphael, 2011). A new strategy has developed in the area of architecture where a set of photovoltaic modules are integrated in the buildings, through which electricity is generated. Integration of this new strategy of solar architecture in buildings states about the best use of renewable sources of energy and it also depicts about the responsibility of the people towards future generation. This strategy of architectures to integrate Photovoltaic into Buildings has brought many advantages to the builders and the organization who has decided to use photovoltaic cells in their buildings (Farkas, Probst and Horvat, 2008). The quality of architecture in integration of solar facilities is to be designed with high-performance features and systems.
At the time of implementing the solar features they should be of multi-functionality such as PV modules comprised of sun shades, noise proof and many other features which can be added in accordance with the design of buildings. Solar features may comprised of feature of flexibility by using the evacuated tube collectors and many other features like color, design, weather protection plates etc. Using of better solar features instead of fossil energy will eliminate the architectural quality of the buildings. Quality of solar architecture will also work as a multifunctional element as it will also enhance the quality and provides free energy to the buildings. This strategy of solar architecture has benefited in the terms of minimization of cost for constructing the walls and roofs as instead of this they are built with solar cells. Another advantage is using of free electricity as it there is no need of buying electricity at commercial price. This all advantage are only generates when the energy generate with fossil-driven source will be replaced with the solar energy or with the renewable sources of the energy.
To investigate the plausible ways of blending solar-oriented technologies into both existing buildings and the new constructed ones. Thus, the aim of this research will assist to focus on integration of OV in buildings that how the solar facilities can be integrated into the architecture design and also in the designing process of the building. The major goal for studying this subject matter is to gain the practical knowledge about the architecture design process. It also helps to analyze the impact of replacing the solar energy instead of using fossil energy in the buildings and to evaluate the impact of photovoltaic strategy in buildings. The three aspects functional, construction and formal are the key sections of this research as it will detail brief information about the integration of photovoltaic into buildings, which is one of the strategies in the field of solar architecture.
This section of the study is comprised of detail information about the topic of the research which includes the findings and conclusions made by the other researchers and scholars who also had performed their study in the field of photovoltaic and solar architecture. It covers the descriptive and extensive source of information about the topic and includes the systems, procedures, elements and functional aspects of solar architecture are detailed. This section details about the brief overview of integrating photovoltaic into buildings which as it is one of the strategy of solar architecture.
Integration of photovoltaic in building is one of the best examples in the area of rapid development in technological and architectural sector. This integration has becomes the strategy in the solar architecture which states about involvement of organizations towards future perspectives (Sohie, 2003). It has developed a new series of development in the designing and architecture of buildings comprised with photovoltaic systems. Integration of this systems is also depends upon the various opportunities and constraints that how it should be integrated, as it also depends upon the climatic conditions and from the aspects of society and economy. At the initial stage integration of PV has become the challenge for the architectures that whether it will beneficial or not and the cost which is incurred in the development of this buildings will be recovered or not. But ultimately the engineers and architectures has overcome from this challenges and has achieved the success in using of renewable source of energy in the building and infrastructural projects (Marigo, Foxon and Pearson, 2010). This strategy of solar architecture has fetch lots advantages as integration of PV has minimized the costs, reinstates the use of commercial energy and also avoids the extra requirement of land for generating electricity.
In terms of functional aspect, photovoltaic buildings are constructed in accordance with the different climatic conditions and also from the multi-functionality point of view. In functional aspect, climatic protection states about the protection of the environment. Integration of PV systems in the building works as multi-functional element as roof of PV modules replaces the conventional roofing material in the buildings. This PV roofs also facilitate to control the sunlight in the interior portions and this protects the building from heat, sunlight, weather conditions and also from the glare (Heidt, et. al., 2002). By using of photovoltaic technology in the buildings and organizations there is development of eco-friendly environment and huge amount of commercial electricity is saved. Integration of the Photovoltaic systems are designed and assembled in such a way that it works as a multi-functionality point of view as they work in both summer as well as colder climatic conditions.
Architectural design of the buildings comprised of both the features that is cold facade and warm facade so that they can work in both cold winters and hot summers. It is one of the significant multi-functionality aspects of PV systems. This architectural design protects the building from rain, hot and cold winds and they are also constructed with sound proof glasses. At the time of constructing the buildings, PV systems are assembled in such a way that they can protect the external intrusions in very efficient way (Meroni, Salvia and Lollini, 2002). In context to multi-functionality point of view for the solar architecture it assist to save the cost and avoids the usage of extra land to produce electricity as this panels can directly fitted into the roofs and walls of the buildings. The main advantage of using the solar architecture in the buildings is to control the pollution, minimization of wastes and emissions as it is totally pollution-free concept. This states that integration of PV into buildings also protect the climate (Marigo, Foxon and Pearson, 2010).
The terms research states about systematic investigation in any of the field through which a precise amount of information is generated regarding the area in which researcher is performing its study (Daniel and Sam, 2011). This section of the study will detail about the use of tools and techniques in the study on the basis of which the aim and objectives of the research will accomplished. By using these tools, the collected data will be analyzed in order to draw valid findings and conclusions for the report. Research methodology will explore and analyze the several issues which are related to the integration of photovoltaic systems and how the economic and architectural considerations. This section will also assist the researcher to examine the plausible models of integrating PV systems and to determine the integration possibilities of photovoltaic system in order to find its potential benefits and hindrances.
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