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How To Write a Literature Review? 7 Easy Steps with Examples

15 May 2023 1164
Steps to Write a Literature Review

In academic writing, students write a literature review to compile a specific topic researched by many scholars more qualitatively. It is an important task that helps researchers to identify the gaps in current knowledge and future scholars to avoid research on the same topic that has already been done.

But facing trouble in such writing makes many students reach the academic writers of the Assignment Desk. Our experts have vast knowledge and years of experience in writing a literature review & various types of papers for the students.

Still, some students try to write their own and seek suggestions for better quality. That’s why here’s a complete overview of writing a review for literature papers. Let’s get started with knowing the most asked question, "what is a literature review and its objective?".

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What Is a Literature Review?

Searching and evaluating the available research on a specific subject or chosen topic area is called the literature review. It helps researchers to show their vast knowledge of the subject and display how their research fits in and add

There are 4 objectives of a literature review- surveys, synthesizes, critical analysis and presentation. While structuring and writing this section, it is necessary to keep these points in mind and make sure that your text reflects all these four objectives clearly.

As we have started discussing format, let’s know how to structure a literature review that can be helpful to make it more presentable. Now you know the basic definition of it, move along to find out what is the purpose of it.

Why Write a Literature Review?

Writing a literature review makes you familiar with the current research on the topic. You understand the existing research and explore the unidentified areas of the issue after thorough research. Here are the purposes of writing a literature review.

  • Provide immense knowledge on the topic.
  • Prevents duplication of thoughts by giving credit to the researchers.
  • Identifies gaps in previous work and unanswered questions
  • It focuses on additional research.
  • Identifies information that can be relevant to your work.
  • Find out methods associated with your topic.

Probably you must have understood the motive for including it. So now, let's identify how to structure a literature review to make it more presentable.

How to Structure a Literature Review?

Many students may not understand the importance of the structure of an academic paper. But the online dissertation helpers suggest maintaining a proper format throughout the document. To know how to structure a literature review, you must know about the three parts of this section. Let’s know everything about it.

  • Introduction Section: The introduction section of a literature review should introduce the purpose and layout of your chapter. It is like a high-level roadmap that can be helpful for readers to know what lies ahead. To write a pro-level of the introduction section, you should start with defining your topic, giving the reasons, reviewing, and end with sharing further scope of your review.

  • Body Section: The main body section is the place where you need to clear the four objectives of literature review writing, which are present, analyze, evaluate, and synthesize the existing research. Share the facts and then your opinion on the subject with supportive evidence to make the readers believe what you say. There are three options-methodological, thematic, and chronological approaches, which can be helpful for you to design the body section of your literature review better.

  • Conclusion Section: Now, it's time to sum up whatever you have discovered in your literature review above. You need to present the key findings and highlight the gaps in your selected literature. Don’t forget to maintain a link between your research and the existing literature. It will help to display identified significant flaws or gaps of the current analysis and your discovery.

So, this is all about the structure of the literature review you must follow to make your paper more presentable and impressive.

Also Read: Dissertation Structure - A Complete Guide with Layout & Chapter-wise Breakdown

Now, it's time to discuss the complete step-by-step process for the students who ask, “how to write a literature review?” to give them a perfect solution. So, here are the 7 steps that can be helpful to write an excellent thesis literature review.

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How to Write a Literature Review? (7-Step Process with Examples)

Many students find it hard to write a qualitative literature review as they don’t have knowledge of the correct process that can be helpful to draft a good section. If you too wonder how to write a literature review, here’s a complete procedure for you. Let’s have a look.

1. Narrow the Topic & Develop a Research Question

Firstly, you need to choose a topic or subject for your literature review, which you will conduct the research. You can ask your professors for ideas, see examples of recent issues, brainstorm, or check out your lecture notes for better writing. It requires following the proper process and narrowing down your topic and creating a research question.

2. Conduct a Literature Search

Now, you have to search all the facts and claims that other authors have made around your selected subject and collect every information possible. Check every reference shared in the resources and identify the gap you will fill in the area of research. Also, consider the analysis that is contradictory to your viewpoint for better literature review writing.

3. Read the Data & Evaluate the Selected Sources

As you have all the resources that contain information about your subject, so, now, read each and every article carefully and evaluate what they have already provided. Focus on the assumptions, material, methodologies, testing procedures, conflicts and changes noticed over time. These aspects will lead you to what you can claim and find around the topic to present in your literature review.

4. Design Your Writing with a Proper Outline

It is very crucial to create an outline and follow it throughout the paper. Your literature review will look more presentable and impressive by maintaining a proper heading and subheadings for every section. Also, outlining will help you place the information at the right place & the audience to find it easily. So, develop a list of information that you will include and turn them into a proper heading.

5. Develop a Purpose or Thesis Statement

The thesis statement is an essential part of every writing as it displays the complete research in just 2-3 lines. That’s why you must also create a purpose statement reflecting the conclusion you have reached with your analysis of the selected subject.

6. Start Writing Your Paper with Proper Planning

Plan every chunk of your writing and provide a different day for every section of the literature review. At least write the body section one day and the introduction and conclusion section the other day. Just write all the information around your subject following the proper format. Don’t wait for revision just write and write, leaving the editing and proofreading task for last.

7. Don’t Forget to Review the Complete Text

As soon as you complete the writing, now, it's the correct time to edit and proofread your literature review. Just take a break for 2-3 days and then reread your document again to find mistakes with a clearer view. You can take help from our proofreading and editing experts to get a flawless paper without any effort.

So, these are the 7 steps that can be helpful for students to write a better quality literature review without difficulty. Hope, after reading this blog, you don’t need to search for how to write a literature review as this is your complete guide.

Still, some students may be puzzled. So, let's look at some examples of the literature review as, without a sample, it can be difficult for you to compose a perfect paper. That’s why to ease your writing, here are the dissertation writers with the literature review example that will be a guide for you.

You may also like: Dissertation vs. Thesis: How to Make the Right Choice?

2 Examples of Literature Review


Example: 1

Example 1 of Literature Review

Example 2

Example 2 of Literature Review

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