Annual Report Of Profit Or Loss


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1. Statement of Profit or Loss and Other Comprehensive Income:

Statement of profit and loss



$ '000




Sale Revenue



   Service revenue



   Other income



Total revenue






Capital income: Gain on sale of land






Total income









   Cost of Goods Sold



General operating costs



Salaries and wages



Insurance expenses



Advertising and marketing expenses



Retirement gift for employee



Expense for annual leave



Finance costs



Annual leave expenses



Warranty expenses



Provision for doubtful expenses



Audit and consultancy fees



Depreciation and amortisation



Extraordinary expense:



                          Survey expenses



                          Extensive training



                          App Development Expenses



Other Expenses












Capital expenses :Loss on sale of Shop Fittings






Total expenses






Net Profit Before tax



Less: Tax @ 30%



Profit After Tax



Other comprehensive income



Total comprehensive income for the year



2. Statement of financial position:

Balance sheet as at 30 June 2018







Financial assets



Cash and deposits






Total financial assets



Non-financial assets






Property, plant and equipment






Total non-financial assets






Total assets












Accrued Expenses



Unearned Income



Dividend Payable






For annual leave



For Warranties



For new apps



Total liabilities



Net assets






Accumulated surplus



Share Capital



Retained Earning



Contributed capital



Net worth






Total Equity and Liabilities



3. Statement of changes in equity

Statement of changes in equity for the year ended 30 June 2018


Ordinary share capital

General reserve

Retained earnings


Opening Balance as on 1 July 2017





Net Profit after tax





Dividend Payable





Transfer to general reserve





Bonus issued





Share issue expenses










4. Notes to the financial statements:

Explanations related to the financial statements of this company shall be included in the notes, which are as follows:

  • Property, plant and equipment of the company as shown in the balance sheet include the land, building furniture and fittings of the company in accordance with AASB 116 Property, Plant And Equipment (Dean and Clarke, 2005).
  • With the context of AASB 102 Inventories, Inventory costing $2,100,000 was delivered to the company on 29 June 2018,  But due to staff shortages at this time, the details of this transaction/event were not processed until 14 July 2018 and hence this has not been accounted for in the trial balance. This inventory had been ordered on 1 June 2018 and an amount of $600,000 was paid in advance to secure the order. The amount remaining was required to be paid within 2 weeks of the date of delivery of the inventory and was paid by the company on 10 July 2018.
  • In this, the company has tax rate is 30%. Tax expense is based on 30% of the accounting profit before tax as per AASB 112.
  • Other expenses given in the income statement comprise a total of various expenses shown as other expenses in accordance with the format given in AASB 101.
  • The income of the company comes from various sources which include sales revenue service revenue and other income.

5. Directors declaration

In this section, directors declare that the organisation is using appropriate accounting principles and regulations while formulating financial reports. They also declare that the company is able to pay all its debts, dues amount and payables. Information on possible future gains and incomes can also be analysed with the help of this declaration (Haswell and Langfield Smith, 2008). External stakeholders of a business entity may get insider data of the enterprise and then make decision of making an investment or not. The main purpose of this testimony is to declare that the entity is disclosing appropriate data. It is signed by all the directors and it is made on a specific date when the annual report is generated. It is very beneficial for the stakeholders to resolve their queries about the organisation's performance.

More Sample on Profit & Loss

In the opinion of the directors Organisation have followed all the accounting principles and standards including Sections 296 and 297. It assures that all the legal requirements are fulfilled by the company and it also presents a fair and true view of the organisation's financial statements. It has resulted in a total income of 121718 and net profits of 230302. The declaration is being made on 21 September 2018 which is signed by the directors by mutual concern. “The Company” is a reporting entity that discloses all relevant and necessary information in the financial statements that may guide stakeholders to make strategic decisions. It is having assets of 258833, liabilities of 8019, capital of 13088 and retained earnings of 237726.

All the information presented in the final accounts is relevant, accurate, appropriate and reliable in the opinion of the directors.

6. Annual Director's Report

All the information on dividends to the shareholders, interest to debtors etc. are recorded in this report. It also includes other information such as salaries to the top executives and declared payments to the members of the organisation. It is not necessary that the payments are made they can be proposed in the financial year. It also includes the names of the directors of the company and the appropriate information on whether the organisation is registered or not. Information on the period for which individuals worked as executives is also covered in this report. Detailed information about them is not required to be included in it as it is not necessary.

In “The Company” on directors have declared a dividend of 7% on each share on 30 June 2018. It will be distributed from the retained earnings of the organisation. They have also decided to transfer 3300000 from preserved incomes to general reserves so that it can be used for the operational activities of the organisation. A declaration regarding interim dividend is also made by the organisation in which it is proposed that one bonus share of 3 dollars each is going to be issued to the shareholders on 50 shares. All of them are going to be issues from the general reserve of the organisation. This decision is made by them on 15 January 2018.

A major change was made in the equities as directors planned to transfer 3300000 to the general reserve which is going to be deducted from retained earnings. As it is a part of internal funds hence it will be considered as a change in equity. The organisation have ignored the tax effect accounting and no expenses related to it, are recorded in the books. Directors have planned to enhance shareholder's investment by offering them bonus shares so that they can invest more money. It will be beneficial for the better execution of business activities.

A customer was injured in the renovation process of the company on 1 May 2018 and the lawyer advised that the company was being sued for this case (Bradbury, 2008). An unplanned expense of 1200000 has also been faced by the organisation during the year. The renovation of a retail store is planned to expand and develop the business. Total equities at the end of the year were 13088 and retained earnings were of 237726.

All the above-described information is accurate in the opinion of the directors of “The Company”. It can help the stakeholders to determine possible returns that can be acquired by them in future on their investments by assessing current year's rates. The recorded data is accurate and this report will be added to the annual report of the company.

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7. Annual auditors report

This report is generated by the auditors of the company in which their opinion about the organisation's actual performance and position is recorded. It helps the internal and external stakeholders to determine whether the organisation is performing well or not. Information regarding materiality is also covered in this report in which it is mentioned whether any important data is kept hidden by the enterprise or not. Auditors create a report and present it to the directors so that they can analyse it and assess whether any fraud or error is made by managers, employees or accountants of the company in the report. If there is any mistake is made in the financial statements strict action can be taken on huge misconceptions and little ones are resolved by correcting them.

Auditors declare that the accountants of the company have followed appropriate accounting standards and principles. This report helps the external stakeholders to determine whether a true and fair view of final accounts is presented by the entity or not. It is also advantageous for internal stakeholders such as managers, top management and executives as it can guide them to analyse whether accurate and appropriate data is recorded by the employees in the books of accounting or not.

The auditors have analysed the financial reports of “The Company” and analysed that the organisation is following sections 296 and 297. All the information which is recorded by accountants and employees of the company was appropriate and accurate. In their opinion as the business entity is generating profits of 230302 dollars which is a higher amount hence financial position of the enterprise if very good (Coombs and et. al., 2013). It provides good benefits to the shareholders including bonus shares and dividends.

Total revenues of the company were 115420 and other gains were resulting in higher profitability. No materiality information is figured out by auditors in the financial statements of “The Company”. The correctness and adequacy level of the discloser level of the final accounts is very high.

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  • Dean, G. and Clarke, F., 2005. ‘True and Fair’and ‘Fair Value’—Accounting and Legal Willo’theWisps. Abacus, 41(2), pp.i-viii
  • Haswell, S. and LangfieldSmith, I., 2008. FiftySeven Serious Defects in ‘Australian’IFRS. Australian Accounting Review. 18(1). pp.46-62
  • Bradbury, M.E., 2008. Fiftyseven Curious Defects in Haswell and LangfieldSmith (2008): A Comment. Australian Accounting Review. 18(4). pp.287-293.
  • Coombs, G.W. and et. al., 2013. Australian group on antimicrobial resistance hospital-onset Staphylococcus aureus surveillance programme annual report, 2011. Communicable diseases intelligence quarterly report. 37(3). pp.E210-E218
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