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Body Temperature Regulation Concept Map Assignment

INTRODUCTION

Homeostasis is the process of keeping the internal environment of the body constant. Thermoregulation is considered to be integral process in such case, as it helps in regulating the overall body temperature. The normal body temperature in humans is 37 degrees Celsius, which is required to be maintained in a manner that it does not affect the normal functioning of the body (Flouris and Schlad

Muscular system plays an important role in the body in form of movement supporting in heat production through contractions and relaxations. It helps in maintaining the body temperature to the ideal one.

Malignant Hyperthermia is considered to be skeletal muscle disorder leading to calcium homeostasis due to certain triggers. The process will be further discussed in detail in discussion section.

DISCUSSION

Muscular system plays an important role in both heating and cooling activity of the body. Its one of the major characteristics is to regulate temperature (IJzerman and et.al., 2015). In the heat, the muscles help in excreting sweat from the skin. However, in extreme cold condition, the muscles make an attempt to warm the body by contracting, which is translated as shivering in layman’s language. The movement in muscles help in generating heath that can further be used to keep the body warm (Flouris & Schlader, 2015). Heat production, in order to maintain body temperature, is considered to be an important by product of muscles. Approximately 85% of the heat, that is produced, is the overall result of contraction and relaxation of muscles (Kiyonaka and Mori, 2013).

Homeostasis generally refers to balance, stability and equilibrium within body or a particular cell. It is characteristics installed in a body which helps in keeping stable internal environment that requires constant adjustments to be made as per changing dynamics of inside and outside of cells. Thermoregulation is the process that helps in allowing body to maintain the core internal temperature so that the body can return to the condition of homeostasis (Romanovsky, 2014). The core temperature of human body is stabilized and regulated by hypothalamus, which is an area of brain linked to endocrine system to the nervous system. As the temperature varies from the core, endocrine production tends to initiate control mechanism so that energy production can be increased or decreased as per the requirements so as to initiate the body temperature towards normal one (Tansey and Johnson, 2015). There are various factors that can lead to raise internal temperature in the body are, fever, exercise and digestion. The endocrine system tends to play substantial role in the process of homeostasis because hormones are responsible for regulating the activities of body cells. A constant increase ort decreases in the amount of hormone secreted in response to the change helps in dealing with the internal condition of the body (IJzerman & et.al., 2015). The self-adjusting mechanism is generally called as feedback regulation. There are various pathways that can lead to bring changes in homeostatic mechanism. These are, toxins, physical health, genetic or reproductive make up and nutrition (Flouris and Schlad

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