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Concept of Abnormality in Relation to Behaviour and Experience

University: Dudley college of technology

  • Unit No: N/A
  • Level: High school
  • Pages: 12 / Words 2976
  • Paper Type: Course Work
  • Course Code: CAC882
  • Downloads: 1373
Question :

This assessment will cover certain questions which are like:

  • Evaluate all the issues in relation to abnormality and also with the effective human nature and behaviour.
  • Diagnose the issues and the problems related to mental disorders.
Answer :

INTRODUCTION

There are two faces of human life that is happiness and sadness. it depends on a person's behavior and how he or she handles these two faces. Mental illness can impact a person's health to a great extent. It can affect physical as well as mental health. The main reason for this is stress and sadness (Sánchez & et.al., 2018). this report will describe the concept of behavior with abnormality. Also, it will discuss problems that occur in diagnosing mental disorders. Moreover, some case studies and the mental illness of a person will be described.

TASK 1

1.1 Evaluate The Concept of Abnormality in Relation to Behaviour and Experience

Everyone experiences sadness, stress, and anxiety in their life. This affects their mental health. but it does not mean that they are abnormal. The culture of society, values, and ethics reflects human behavior. Due to frequent changes in the behavior of people, abnormalities cases are increasing. Human behavior can be affected by mental illness. It can lead to abnormality and impact in mental health. there is a difference between mental illness and abnormality. They should not be linked together. Many people think that depression is considered an abnormality. Also, it is stated that going against social norms makes people abnormal. The behavior of a person reflects his or her mentality.

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1.2 Discuss The Problems of Diagnosing Mental Disorders

In order to diagnose mental disorders, there are several problems that occur (Schrank & et.al., 2014). This affects the quality of care and the entire process. They are as follows:

  • The first one is community behavior that a person possesses during a disorder. It is very difficult to analyze the needs and behavior of a person in that situation. A psychiatrist may use the ADHD concept while others use the oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) technique. Thus, this leads to an impact on the mental condition of the person.
  • The second problem is the development or growth of a person. Each one has its own growth process. Psychiatrists may use therapy to diagnose mental disorders. These therapies are based on the social, family, or behavior of a person.
  • The third one is DSM disorders are based on subjective opinions rather than objective ones. So, doctors decide which disorder has to be included in abnormality.

A feeling or belief may be developed among a person that he or she is doing something wrong (Nesse, 2015). This changes behavior which impacts on diagnosis process.

Therefore, these all are the problems that occur in the diagnosis of mental disorders. It restricts doctors as well as people from providing proper care to patients. Furthermore, this creates barriers as well.

Case Study 1

1) Dave is suffering from schizophrenia. Due to frequent visions and dreams of aliens, he is far away from reality. This behavior can lead to negative thinking in Dave. He may not be able to eat and sleep well. It will affect his mental and physical health. The person may start believing in the imagery world. He might not get involved with friends.

2) in order to overcome schizophrenia Dave might face many problems. First is Dave can cause harm or threat to the person who ever is diagnosed. he can behave in a very rude way (Nolen-Hoeksema & Rector, 2015). The time required for this can be 6 months.

Case Study 2

1) Mary is suffering from depression due to circumstances that she has seen in childhood. She might get in trouble while dealing with her children. She also has to

2) the person giving diagnosis may face the problem of the rude behavior of Mary. He can find it difficult to understand needs and how to deal with them. the doctor has to monitor changes in behavior this can be difficult. The time required for diagnosis can be around 4 months.

Case Study 3

1) here, Raphael has developed a phobia of needles and blood. Due to this, he can suffer from a mental disorder. Also, he may not be able to work in a hospital. The phobia may change his behavior. The mental condition of Raphael may become worse.

2) the person giving treatment may find it difficult to understand Raphael's behavior. This will restrict a person from using sharp objects or any red liquid (Naslund & et.al., 2017). The time length is not estimated in this. Phobia can remain for a lifetime.

TASK 2

 

1: Schizophrenia

 

 

 

 

Describe what the medical/biological model states the cause of schizophrenia is.

What evidence and arguments are there for the strengths of this view?

What evidence and arguments are there for the weaknesses of this view?

a: Twin study research

Family background and condition

For instance: adoption and family studies back the genetic explanation up.

The fact that twin studies do not provide 100% genetic evidence… what about the environment?

b: Dopamine hypothesis

Here, symptoms such as depression, stress, etc. are viewed

For example- reasons for depression

It does not provide background information on the person.

c: Brain structure

The structure and complex pattern of the brain are found by MRI.

Change in the structure of the brain.

Through this, mental disorders and behavior can not be analyzed.

 

 

 

 

Alternative Cognitive Behavioural view

Describe the viewpoint of the Cognitive Behavioural viewpoint on what causes schizophrenia.

What evidence and arguments are there for the strengths of this view?

What evidence and arguments are there for the weaknesses of this view?

A: Irrational thinking

It shows that stress and depression can lead to mental disorders.

It fits with the biological view that faulty wiring equals faulty thinking

Not all faulty thinking leads to stress.

B: Learning behavior through copying others. (Social Learning).

It allows a person to follow or do similar things.

It shows the social learning of person and the ethics of society.

The social cause may not always be the reason.

 

 

 

 

Discuss the treatments that biologists might use

Drugs available

They remove many symptoms

They only deal with the symptoms and not the cause.

Discuss the treatments psychologists might use

CBT (Cognitive behavioral therapy)

It effectively changes the social behavior of a person.

Only ethics and values are changed.

 

2: Depression

 

 

 

 

Describe what the medical/biological model states the cause of depression is.

What evidence and arguments are there for the strengths of this view?

What evidence and arguments are there for the weaknesses of this view?

a: Recent research into neurogenesis (brain cell growth in the hippocampus)

 

it deals with brain cells and mental disorders.

This focuses on the mental condition of the person.

b: Probiotics/prebiotics

 

This describes thoughts while providing medication.

 

 

 

 

 

Alternative Cognitive view

Describe the viewpoint of the Cognitive viewpoint on what causes depression

What evidence and arguments are there for the strengths of this view?

What evidence and arguments are there for the weaknesses of this view?

Irrational thinking

Overthinking leads to depression.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Discuss the treatments that biologists might use

Drugs available

They remove many symptoms

They only deal with the symptoms and not the cause.

Discuss the treatments psychologists might use

REBT or CBT concentrates on rationalising irrational negative automatic thought patterns.

It removes the negative behavior of a person.

They deal with thoughts but not impact.

 

3: Phobias.

 

 

 

 

Describe what the medical/biological model states the cause of a phobia is.

What evidence and arguments are there for the strengths of this view?

What evidence and arguments are there for the weaknesses of this view?

a: Twin study research

 

For instance: adoption and family studies back the genetic explanation up.

The fact that twin studies do not provide 100% genetic evidence… what about the environment?

b: GABA imbalance in brain chemistry

It prevents overstimulation.

It shows methods through which a person remains calm.

It deals with the stimulus of a person.

 

 

 

 

Alternative Behavioural view

Describe the viewpoint of the Behavioural viewpoint on what causes a phobia.

What evidence and arguments are there for the strengths of this view?

What evidence and arguments are there for the weaknesses of this view?

A: Classical Conditioning

Here, the potent stimulus is paired with a previously neutral stimulus.

 

Through stimulus, behavior can be understood.

It only deals with the behavior of a person.

B: Operant Conditioning

It shows rewards and punishments for behavior

 

This improves a person's symptoms and behavior as well.

It analyses behavior in a particular situation.

 

 

 

 

Discuss the treatments that biologists might use

Drugs available

They remove many symptoms

They only deal with the symptoms and not the cause.

Discuss the treatments psychologists might use

CBT (Cognitive behavioral therapy)

They can remove the fear of phobia.

It can only be used for a short time period.

 

Also read:- Role of Public Health

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CONCLUSION

It can be concluded that abnormality is related to the behavior and experience of the person. They change the mental condition and lead to illness. They occur due to cultural or social change. Besides this, many problems affect the diagnosing of mental disorders. this restricts in providing quality care to a person. Get more details about assignment writing services from our experts.

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