Families and Communities in Context


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Introduction to Families and Communities in Context

School-age children are brought up with their families and neighbours. Till the young age, they live with their parents. After some time, they began to spend time with neighbours such as friends and peer groups. Therefore, both family and community make a powerful impact on middle age children. There are several changes that have occurred in past decades which have brought the alteration in family structure, income, parental employment etc. The following study helps in enhancing knowledge and understanding of the role of practitioners while working with young people, children and families within the community. Objectives explored from the present research are the impact of political ideology, social policy, a variety of social issues and many other things.

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Role of practitioner working with children, young people and families within the community

As per Mutch and Collins, when a practitioner works with children, young people and families in a community, then he is responsible for safeguarding and promoting their interests as well (Mutch and Collins, 2012). It is important to prevent young people and children from accidents and ensure that they are getting better treatment in a safe and secure environment. Along with this Pearce and Dohsaid stated that the practitioner is also responsible for delivering the benefits of different government policies to those excluded groups who are still not getting welfare from government policies (Pearce and Doh, 2012). For practitioners who are working with families, young people and children, their roles have been stated as follows.

  1. Bowes, Grace and Hodge, clearly define priorities regarding the safeguarding of children, young people and families in welfare promotion.
  2. Identifying, eating and helping service users to manage their illness.
  3. Developing a clear commitment with the management to ensure that young people, families and children are getting safeguarding facilities or not.
  4. Developing a culture which engages children, and their views and helps them to make individual decisions. It is to help them in developing and improving the existing services. Giving contributions to new service designs which support the safeguarding and welfare of young people, children and families.
  5. Pearce and Doh identify the risks while delivering the care services and benefits of government policies to children and families. They help them in mitigating those risks.
  6. They ensure that other team members are carrying out proper training to understand their roles and responsibilities.
  7. Promoting the safeguarding and welfare policies related to children, young people and families. It is made with the intention of creating awareness in the community about their rights.
  8. Making agreements with other health and social care organizations which help in promoting and providing safeguarding to children, young people and families within the community.
  9. Neale said that the role of a professional is to adopt effective procedures and cultural methods to solve issues regarding the welfare and safeguarding of service users. Providing child education to parents of children in relation to safety issues by giving them the right information.

Applied relevant theory to the situations

Teenage parents are considered to be socially excluded as society lacks moral obligation and attachment to them. Society cut ties with them as they do not fit to their moral obligations or are morally under-classed. It is about people’s perceptions of young parents which is reflected in society. It is considered as low in value if a teenager who should be studying and paying attention towards their career gets enrolled into acts that lead towards parenthood.

As per attachment theory, emotional bonds connected over a period of time attach human beings to each other. The theory describes the reaction of human beings when they are attached and separated from their near and dear ones. For instance, in the case of young teens who are transitioning towards parenthood did not think they would have to take the responsibility of a new human being. On the other hand, their parents also would have some hope and expectation related to their academics. In the process of transition young teens disown these feelings of their parents which creates a break in the emotional bond between parents and child relationship. As per the theory, there is infant attachment between two adults. This is relevant in the case of young teens and their parents. As the kids enter new relationships, they seek to break the emotional attachment between their parents and them. This creates a sort of discomfort that gets reflected through their behaviour. The parents will become angry and might not accept this behaviour of their teens. On the other hand, the teens might get rebellious and might break ties with their families. This adds to the issue of social exclusion. The theory also explains the attachment of a child to his/her family. Each member of a family shows a common attachment or emotions or behaviour towards each other. This makes the other individual emotionally attached to the former. As and when a child breaks through this system and enters parenthood the bond between the family breaks and results in outrage from both the party.

Young parents are excluded from earning, training and development and from varied social advantages as they choose to participate in an exclusionary practice. Becoming a parent at a young age is considered an exclusion from society as it is considered to be a potential risk factor. The inability of society to curb this problem is also a reason for social exclusion. It is considered taboo in the United Kingdom, to become parents at a young age. It can understood that the main reason for social exclusion from the basic rights of teens is due to the fact of cultural non-acceptance. When people create a perception to not accept certain issues or things they form collateral thinking about it. And society as a group, neglects any help or support to educate teens about the relevance of physical education. This is profound from the attachment theory by Ainsworth and Bowlby that lack or break in attachment among relationships from others, become exclusion from society.

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Impact of social exclusion on children, young people and families

Social exclusion is a disease that hampers the growth of the economy. Social exclusion has a very de-motivating impact on children, young people and families.

On children

The impact of social exclusion and issues is very much in a negative context. Children of young parents fall into the pressure of financial instability (Teenage Parenthood and Social Exclusion: a multi-method study, 2005). They lack to get the basic facilities of infrastructure, education and learning that a normal child receives. However, they are pressured to cope with these situations. They feel that they lack some skills that have brought them into this situation. A lowered self-esteem adds to the problem as they feel they do not belong to society. It can be critiqued that these children are at a high risk of depression and mental illness due to discrimination faced by them. Social exclusion hampers the natural growth of a child born to young teens. He/she might not be as capable as other children in terms of education and employment. On the other hand, the other children are put under great pressure by their parents to not repeat mistakes that could lead them to the same problem.

On young people

Social exclusion disrupts the individual from indulging in activities of society in a normal way. It can be said that social exclusion causes de-motivational effect on young people. This specifically hampers their mental state. These young people are mostly affected group of social exclusion. They tend to become depressed and appear to be highly stressed due to being neglected by society. It is evident that their mental well-being gets disturbed due to the non-availability of resources that normal young teens get from society and country. They are constantly misbehaving and not treated well. They are already under a lot of stress due to their incapability to receive education to complete their studies. It can be argued that this situation creates a burden for them and that brings financial instability to their family. In cases, where teens are avoided and not taken care of, evidence has been found that they tend to deviate from their moral path and engage themselves in acts of drug use or crime (Gorman-Smith, Feig, Cosey-Gay and Coeling, 2013). It is critically analysed that young people became a target of drug abuse which further adds to the problem of social exclusion. They create many health and financial problems for them which in turn disrupt their image in society.

On families

Families feel disconnected with their kids and this hurts their emotional well-being. They become emotionally drained in the wake of losing ties with their kids. It is evident that they constantly fear that their social status in society will be harmed. This might not be respected like earlier. It is said that in many cases, parents tend to become violent and hurt themselves or their family members. They are not able to control their anger and issues which have been brought up by the extreme stress and tension generated from the fear. It can be critiqued, that the families of young parents are tortured with negative comments and they feel that they lack to raise their voice against the same. The main fallback is on their subjective well-being. Family is not able to perform in the manner it prior used to (Pearce and Doh, 2012). However, they feel humiliated by their colleagues and friends which generates hatred among them. Hatred is a negative emotion that disrupts the emotional attachment between parents and kids.


It can be said that social exclusion poses a great threat to the development of society. It is a problem of concern for the government and society of the United Kingdom. The research found that social exclusion has a negative effect on the mental well-being of children, young parents as well as their families. It was found that exclusion forms rights and independence from the society which hampers the esteem and morale of the individuals. Thus, it can be concluded that the government and society will have to take great measures to educate young teens about the importance of physical education to curb this issue from society.


  • Bennington, J. and Geddes, M., 2013. Local Partnership and Social Exclusion in the European Union: New Forms of Local Social Governance?. Routledge.
  • Blomberg, H. and, 2013. Social workers’ perceptions of the causes of poverty in the Nordic countries. Journal of European Social Policy.
  • Bowes, J., Grace, R. and Hodge, K., 2012. Children, families and communities: Contexts and consequences.
  • Edgman-Levitan, S., Brady, C. and Howitt, P., 2013. Partnering with patients, families, and Communities for health: a global imperative. World Innovation Summit, Doha.
  • Gilman, J. M. and, 2015. Altered neural processing to social exclusion in young adult marijuana users. Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging.
  • Gorman-Smith, D. and, 2013. Strengthening Families and Communities to Prevent Youth Violence: A Public Health Approach. Child.
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