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Counseling is a method of giving the advice to a person regarding the personal and social issues in a professional manner. With the help of this, it becomes easy to assist and guide the clients by the professional and trained person for resolving the different kinds of problems such as social, personal or psychological (What is counseling?. 2015). It has created a trust between the professional counselors and clients. During this phase, it has essential to maintain the confidentiality of the service users information. For a counselor, there are some skills require which help in understand the client requirements and provide them good counseling services to them (What is counseling?. 2015). The following study has based on counseling skills with children and adolescents with the purpose of delivering the knowledge about the principles of psycho-dynamic counseling, required skills in the supportive work with children and adolescents and the relationship as well as encounters between staff and children/adolescents (Martin, 2013).

Counseling skills required to work with children and adolescents and their applications in psycho-dynamic theory or work

There are various types of counseling skills which helps in dealing the children and adolescents in right manner. The most common counseling skills are listening, essential reading, play, art and transformation, talking and expression, assessment, first encounters and transference, using family trees and counter-transference & projective identification (What is counseling?. 2015). The aim of the counseling skills are providing emotional security and comfort, promotes self awareness and facilitate confidence. There are numerous reasons which has generated the needs of counseling skills while work with children and adolescents such as crying without reason, academic deterioration, loss of interest in the activities, aggressive attitude, violent behavior, using slang's etc (What is counseling?. 2015).

On the other hand, psycho dynamic theory is an approach in the direction of psychology which has focused on the systematic study of the different psychological elements that defines human feelings, behaviors, emotions and their relation with the past experiences. There is a strong relationship between the counseling skills and psycho-dynamic theory (Martin, 2013). With the help of the psycho-dynamic theories, the behavior of the group of people and individual can be easily understand. On the other hand, by understanding the behavior of the person, the different kind of counseling can be provided to resolve the various personal issues (Martin, 2013). The professional counselors have used psycho-dynamic theory to provided counseling to the clients by knowing the root of causes of their problems. According to the identified the issues, the suggestions can be provided to cope up with the problems (Psycho-dynamic Approach to counseling. 2015).

First Encounters and Transference

First encounter is related to the handling the child and adolescent first time when they come first time for taking counseling. It is not necessary that every time child or adolescent has feeling comfortable to share all the things with the counselors (Mak-Pearce and Baruch, 2001). Therefore, it is essential to develop a comfortable environment to the client which help in understand the requirements of them. On the other hand, transference is a kind of projection of the present and past feelings, relationship or desire onto the counselor. In the general terms, it can be characterized by unconscious redirection of the emotions and feeling from one person to another person (Mak-Pearce and Baruch, 2001).

First encounters and transference skills is most important term in counseling because there are some incidents happen in the childhood with the children and adolescents that affect the current feelings, behavior and attitudes of them in the present time (What is counseling?. 2015). The following counseling skills has the practical application the psycho-dynamic theory (Mak-Pearce and Baruch, 2001). In the case of unconscious emotions, there are some areas of mind where memories have been unreleased due to the various reasons such as extreme traumatic events or any accidents. Due to this, some area of memory has blocked off and it has hard to access them. In this situation, the behavior and attitude of the child and adolescent becomes suddenly changed (Mak-Pearce and Baruch, 2001).

The role of first encounters and transference skills in psycho-dynamic theory is bring the memories from unconscious stage to the conscious stage (Psycho-dynamic Approach to counseling. 2015). With the help of this, the professional counselors has pleased the clients to assess either childhood or early memory trauma for better and deep understand the reasons of changing in the behavior and attitude. It has assist the children and adolescents to released the negativity form the mind regarding the previous accidents (Psycho-dynamic Approach to counseling. 2015). Therefore, it can be concluded that with the help of first encounter and transference skills, the professional counselor has easily solve the issues and problems of the children and adolescents. The following skill has played an essential role in determined the root of causes of issues of clients. With the use of first encounter and transference skill, the effective counseling has provided to the children and adolescents (Psycho-dynamic Approach to counseli