Introduction of Urban Health Issue
Urban health issues can be broadly defined as the issues of people who are residing and employed closely together usually in an incorporated area with common environmental conditions and similar water supply systems (Breman and Arita, 2013). With the increase in urbanization, urban areas provide wider possibilities for individuals and family members to grow by giving them better healthcare and living environment. However, people living in urban areas still continue to face severe health hazards and new health challenges every day (Payne and et.al., 2015).
This The present report will focus on severe health issues related to risk of infectious diseases in the area of New Hampshire located in east London. The reason behind the increased risk of infectious diseases in this area is continuous changes in climatic conditions of UK. The study also includes presentation and analysis of relevant data and ways to eradicate urban health issues prevailing in New Hampshire.
RATIONALE (why this is an urban health issue)
Why this is an urban health problem
Infectious disease is an urban health issue because there is a continuous threat of climatic changes that are taking place in urban areas which causes risk to physical living environment in New Hampshire (Menifield, 2016). During the recent years (2011-2015), 4000 cases of infectious diseases has have been reported resulting in dangerous diseases like Dengue fever, Malaria and Lyme fever due to alterations in climatic conditions in UK (Manley, Boots and Wilfert, 2015).
why we have chosen to study the issue in the selected area and full description of the local area
The reason for selecting the area of New Hampshire for studying the risk of infectious diseases is that this area has evidence of rapid changes in environmental condition. Increase in temperature levels and changes in rainfall pattern helps the insects to stay active for longer time period which increases the risk of spreading communicable diseases for the people residing in that area (Anderson and May, 2012).
The broader perspective of choosing this area is that epidemiological data of (2011-2015) reported 29% of the total population residing in New Hampshire suffered from communicable diseases due to Air pollution and improper sanitary conditions (Dietz, Jambai, Paweska and Ksaizek, 2015). A larger ratio of people suffering from food borne and water borne infectious diseases due to poor health and hygiene conditions have been measured in New Hampshire, UK (Payne and et.al, 2015).
Collection of relevant data
Size of the area
The Size of the area of London Borough of Newham is 36.22 Km square (Pinto, 2013).
The Population of London Borough of Newham is approximately 308000. The Newham area is ranked seventh highest in London on the basis of its population. It has been observed that there is an increase of 23.5 percent in the population of Newham over the 2001 figures which was 2437891 (Newham Council, 2016). The area has large population of Black African origin people, Asians and people from different family origins from all around the world. Besides this, Newham has a very high young and diverse population (Dietz and et.a