Introduction to Families and Communities in Context
School age children are brought up within their families and neighbours. Till the young age, they live with their parents. After some time, they began to spend time with neighbours such as friends and peer group. Therefore, both family and community make powerful impact on middle age of children. There are several changes that are occurring from past decades which have brought the alteration in family structure, income, parental employment etc. The following study helps in enhancing knowledge and understanding the role of practitioners while working with young people, children and families within the community. Objectives explore from present research are the impact of political ideology, social policy, variety of social issu
Role of practitioner working with children, young people and families with in the community
As per Mutch and Collins, when a practitioner works with children, young people and family in a community, then he is responsible for safeguarding and promoting their interest as well (Mutch and Collins, 2012). It is important for preventing young people and children from the accidents and ensures that they are getting better treatment with safe and secure environment. . Along with this Pearce and Dohsaid stated that, practitioner is also responsible for delivering benefits of different government policies to those excluded groups who are still not getting welfare of government policies (Pearce and Doh, 2012). Practitioners who are working with families, young people and children, their roles have been stated as follows.
- Bowes, Grace and Hodge, clearly define priorities regarding the safeguarding of children, young people and families in welfare promotion.
- Identifying, eating and helping service users to manage their illness.
- Developing a clear commitment with the management to ensure that young people, families and children are getting safeguarding facilities or not.
- Developing a culture which engage children, their views and help them to take individual decision. It is to help them in developing and improving the existing services. Giving contribution in new service designs which support the safeguarding and welfare of young people, children and families.
- Pearce and Doh identify the risk while delivering the care services and benefits of government policies to children and families. They help them in mitigating those risks.
- They ensure that other team members are carrying out proper training to understand their roles and responsibilities.
- Promoting the safeguarding and welfare policies related to children, young people and families. It is made with the intention of creating awareness in the community about their rights.
- Making the agreements with other health and social care organizations which help in promoting and providing safeguarding to children, young people and families within community.
- Neale said that the role of professional is to adopt effective procedures and culture methods to solve issues regarding welfare and safeguarding of service users. Providing child education to parents of children in relation to safety issues by giving them right information.
Applied relevant theory to the situations
Teenage parents are considered to be social exclusion as the society lacks moral obligation and attachment to them. Society cut ties with them as they do not fit to their moral obligations or are morally under-classed. It is about the people’s perceptions about young parents which is reflected from the society. It is considered as low in value, if a teenager who should be studying and paying attention towards their carrier gets enrolled into acts that lead towards parenthood.
As per attachment theory, emotional bond connected over a period of time attach human beings with each other. Theory describes the reaction of human beings when they are attached and separated from their near and dear ones. For instance, in case of young teens that are transitioning towards parenthood did not think they would have to take a responsibility of a new human being. On the other hand their parents also would have some hope and expectation related to their academics. In the process of transition young teens disowns these feelings of their parents which creates a break in the emotional bond between parents and child relationship. As per the theory, there is infant attachment between two adults. This is relevant in the case of young teens and their parents. As the kids enter new relationship, they sought to breaks the emotional attachment amidst their parents and them. This creates a sort of discomfort that gets reflected through their behaviour. The parents will become angry and might not accept this behaviour of their teens. On the other hand, the teens might get rebellious and might break ties with their families. This adds to the issue of social exclusion. The theory also explains about the attachment of a child with his/her family. Each member of a family shows a common attachment or emotions or behaviour towards each other. This makes the other individual get emotional attached to the former. As and when a child breaks through this system and enters parenthood the bond between the family breaks and result in outrage from both the party.
Young parents are excluded from earning, training and development and from varied social advantages as they choose to participate in an exclusionary practice. Becoming a parent at a young age is considered as a exclusion from the society as it is considered to be a potential risk factor. The inability of society to curb this problem is also a reason of social exclusion. It is considered a taboo in United Kingdom, to become parents in young age. It can understood that main reason of social exclusion from the basic rights of teens is due to the fact of cultural non acceptable. When people create a perception to not accept certain issue or thing they form collateral thinking about it. And the society as a group, neglects any help or support to educate teens about the relevance of physical education. This is profound from the attachment theory by Ainsworth and Bowlby that lack or break in attachment among relationship from others, become exclusion from the society.
Impact of social exclusion on children, young people and families
Social exclusion is a disease that hampers growth of the economy. Social exclusion has a very de-motivating impact on the children, young people and families.
Impact of social exclusion and issue is very much into negative context. Children of young parents fall into the pressure of financial instability (Teenage Parenthood and Social Exclusion:a multi-method study, 2005). They lack to get the basic facilities of infrastructure, education and learning that a normal child receives. However, they are pressured to cope up with these situations. They feel that they lack in some skills that has brought them into this situation. A lowered self esteem adds to the problem as they feel they do not belong to society. It can be critiqued that these children are in a high risk of depression and mental illness due to discrimination faced by them. Social exclusion hampers the natural growth of a child born to young teens. He/she might not be capable as other children in terms of education and employment. On the other hand, the other children are put in a great pressure by their parents to not repeat mistakes that could lead them into the same problem.
On young people
Social exclusion disrupts the individual to indulge in activities of society on a normal way. It can be said that social exclusion causes de-motivational effect on the young people. This specifically hampers their mental state. These young people are mostly affected group of social exclusion. They tend to become depressed and appear to be highly stressed due to being neglected by the society. It is evident that their mental well being gets disturbed due to non availability of resources that normal young teens get from society and country. They are constantly misbehaved and not treated well. They are already into lot of stress due to their incapability to receive education to complete their studies. It can be argued that, this situation creates burden for them and that brings financial instability to their family. In case, where teens are avoided and not taken care, evidence has been found that they tend to get deviated from their moral path and engage themselves on act of drug use or crime (Gorman-Smith, Feig, Cosey-Gay and Coeling, 2013). It is critically analysed that young people became a target of drug abuse which further adds to the problem of social exclusion. They create many health and financial problems for them which in return disrupt their image in the society.
Families feel disconnected with their kids and this hurts their emotional well being. They become emotionally drained in wake of losing ties with their kids. It is evident that they constantly fear that their social status in society will be harmed. This might not be respected like earlier. It is said that in many cases, parents tend to become violent and hurt themselves or their family members. They are not able to control their anger and issues which have brought up by the extreme stress and tension generated from the fear. It can be critiqued, that the families of young parents are tortured with negative comments and they feel that they lack to raise their voice against the same. The main fallback is on their subjective well being. Family is not able to perform in the manner it prior used to (Pearce and Doh, 2012). However they feel humiliated amidst their colleagues and friends which generate hatred among them. Hatred is a negative emotion that disrupts the emotional attachment between parents and kids.
It can be said that, social exclusion bears a great threat for development of the society. It is a problem of concern for the government and society of United Kingdom. The research found that social exclusion has a negative effect on the mental well being of the children, young parents as well as their families. It was found that exclusion form rights and independence from the society which hampers self esteem and morale of the individuals. Thus, it can be concluded that the government and society will have to take great measures to educate young teens about the importance of physical education to curb this issue from the society.
- Benington, J. and Geddes, M., 2013. Local Partnership and Social Exclusion in the European Union: New Forms of Local Social Governance?. Routledge.
- Blomberg, H. and et.al., 2013. Social workers’ perceptions of the causes of poverty in the Nordic countries. Journal of European Social Policy.
- Bowes, J., Grace, R. and Hodge, K., 2012. Children, families and communities: Contexts and consequences.
- Edgman-Levitan, S., Brady, C. and Howitt, P., 2013. Partnering with patients, families, and Communities for health: a global imperative. World Innovation Summit, Doha.
- Gilman, J. M. and et.al., 2015. Altered neural processing to social exclusion in young adult marijuana users. Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging.
- Gorman-Smith, D. and et.al., 2013. Strengthening Families and Communities to Prevent Youth Violence: A Public Health Approach. Child.