Globlisation And Nationalism - Comparative Analysis

Question :

This assessment will cover following questions:

  • Briefly explain the research methodologies used to conduct research.
  • How comparative research analysis can contribute in effective research.
Answer :

Research Topic: What Is The Role of Political Analysis in Nationalism Versus Globalization of Operations Performed By An Organisation?

In order to conduct a research, I have worked on the concept of globalisation and nationalism to distinguish their role in operational performance of an organisation. Globalization, nationalism as well as the relations among both of these concepts is important to reveal among scholars especially within the international relations discipline (Witt, 2019). These two concepts have an important position in real and contemporary world, where importance lies within creation of nation-states and modern societies, including their role in organisation in which interdependence has increased. The main reason behind chosen this topic, is to understand how these two fundamentally concepts are yet opposed from each other, but still use for operating the business performance.

As a matter of fact, it has been revealed that nationalism has had less important and a great deal of difficulty for survival of organization because it arise state of trade war among nations. However, it has also been states that nationalism also proves beneficial from globalization and also becoming equally important (Ariely, 2019). Thus, for exploring the relationship of nationalism and globalization, to address their impact on each other, I have conducted a research. This has based on how these concepts come in terms of interaction with each other, including the key aspects of their interaction. Conducting a research on these globalisation and nationalism, also essential to economically understand what are the main benefits people can gain by these two concepts (Pieterse, 2019). Therefore, to define the concept of both wide topics with their role in operating the organisation at global level, comparative research has been taken. By investigation on relationship of resistance as well as confrontation, it has been evaluated that nationalism is expected for losing out or eventually leaving the centre stage for other alternatives (supranational) which is required by the globalization (Witt, 2019). While on another hand, nationalism along with expectation to persist, also aid to increase and intensify in opposition and response to forces of globalization (Ariely, 2019). So, for designing comparative research on two these two concepts I gave chosen the two case studies of different nations. It includes the two biggest nations that are UK and US, where studying on impact of Brexit, political interventions on the operational performance of organisations has been evaluated (Chevalier and Buckles, 2019). While for US, how interconnectedness of organisations has not threaten the sovereign of this country has explored. Therefore, it has been identified through studying both cases that globalisation has reshaped the growing international interconnectedness due to tug of trade war. Through the article of Rosenboim, (2019), it has been evaluated that nationalism has helped the existing organisations to reduce the negative impact of globalisation by abolishing the national borders and undermining the democracy (Globalism and Nationalism, 2019). For this purpose, restrictions on trade between national and international organisations have been implemented by US president. While in context with UK, through the article given by Ghemawat and Altman (2019), Brexit is one of the main example of nationalism that changes the political environment of this country completely. It has much affected the organisational performance of companies in both negative and positive manner (The State of Globalization in 2019, and What It Means for Strategists, 2019). So, in both cases disputes between countries and their largest trade partners has been discussed that has helped me to reveal the role of nationalism and globalisation in organisational performance (Doran, 2019). Along with this, depended variable in cases of both countries is nationalism which is independent from globalisation, but affect the concept of each other in a wide manner. In case of first article major focus is given on understanding the benefits and limitations that companies of UK are facing due to globalisation. While article based on US, has revealed how political interventions or nationalism has vastly reduced the threat of sovereignty is discussed (Pieterse, 2019). These two concepts show that however both articles are designed to study globalisation and based on the concept of nationalism, but still structured in different way.

In this regard, after gathering the entire information under literature review, I have made a critique on research paper to distinguish what has been done and what was the research gap (Pieterse, 2019). Hereby, in literature review an argument is made on how globalisation has diminished the importance of nationalism, including the way political parties of countries made efforts to reduce the same parameters (Doran, 2019). This was the most highlighted issue in discussion part of research but the gap has been arisen when no information about how positive effects of both nationalism and globalisation can be made is not revealed.

Also Read :- Impact of Globlisation on Economy

Comparative analysis has enabled me to make an appropriate analysis on two wide concepts of real world – Globalisation and Nationalism. It has helped in answering the all questions which are related how and why a system has reacted to perturbations of different (Chevalier and Buckles, 2019). This research paper has been shown that how perspectives of different researchers as per their article can be used for comparative analysis, by summarizing a soundness proof for research design, demonstration of incompleteness, description of a working implementation, as well as presentation of experimental results. Thus, the main advantage part of using comparative analysis in a research is maintaining the strong emphasis on naturalism only, by summarising the case studies of other researchers. But internal validity, time consuming and less reliability also consider as the weaknesses point of chosen this method (Pieterse, 2019). Comparative analysis includes mainly the qualitative research that raise questions about validity and reliability of result as well. Along with this, description of explanatory variables also high, where control of extraneous variables are mostly depended on different stages of research. Descriptive research also has provided an in-depth view of chosen topic that I want to study, where the level of detail that I have been found is extremely valuable. It is particularly true of comparative analysis that all data is collected qualitatively, which helps in creating new research questions and researchers can form the hypotheses about cause including effect relationships also (Witt, 2019). But this method fails to describe the causes behind relationship of variables and doesn’t provide valid results also.  

It has been concluded from entire description that essay made on concepts of globalisation and nationalism has revealed various aspects. Using the comparative analysis, has helped in making a proper argument about benefits and limitations as well as relationship of both concepts on a nation. This method has helped in conducting an in-depth analysis on chosen topic and make arguments on different researchers point of view.
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