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Introduction to Organization and Behavior

The present research is about the organization and behavior. Culture, structure, motivation, team building, leadership styles, group and group behavior and change management are the important part of the organization and its behavior. This investigation comprises various structure and culture of the organization and its impact on performance of the business. Research majorly focuses on the new acquisition of the City and Abbey College. This report also describes distinct factors of which influence the individuals behavior at the work place. Along with this organization and its behavior affects by the uses of different leadership styles and organizational theories and practices of management. Including this research evaluates dissimilar management approaches which are used by the companies. Project report includes some discussion about the relationship between leadership styles, motivation and change management of the organization; and comparison of the different motivational theories and its usefulness for the organization. Including this, nature and behavior of groups, teamwork and impact of technology on team functions of the organization also are describing following paragraphs of the report.

Impact of Organization Structure & Culture

City and Abbey College both have different organization structure and culture which affects the business performance of the overall business. Distinct structure and culture embrace the all departments of the college together and are a necessary part of the administration and strategic management. Organization structure can define in term of process by which all duties and responsibilities, activities and function are controlled and coordinated in the organization. This process or organization structure influences by the various component of internal and external environment of the organization, these are objective, size, nature of the business, culture and its resources (Buchanan and Huczynski, 2004). Organization culture can define the way by which workforces of the company complete their task, roles, responsibilities with effective motivation and communication.  Scenario reflects that organization structure and culture of the Abbey College is not so good so this college is facing the various administration problems. In other hand City college has strong and positive organization structure and culture which helps in improve the performance of the entire company. Thus, ideal, positive and developing culture supports marketing, human resources, finance, operational and strategic functions and activities of the organizations. Organization structure and culture helps in developing strategies and aligns these strategies to meet the vision, mission and objectives of the organization. Participative culture between employees and top management helps to motivate the entire personnel for valuable results which shepherd high presentation of the commerce. Along with this open and optimistic culture for the employees play an important role in organization growth, performance and plunder, knowledge and experience. Organization culture affects the working environment, motivation, communication and coordination of employees which has direct relations with the market share, growth and other strategic development of the organization (Tommy, 2002).      

According to this report from assignment desk organization structure also affects the performance of the organization. In this merger and acquisition of City and Abbey College both institutes have different organization structure. Distinct structure affects the overall performance of both institutes. Majorly organizations follows three types of structure, theses are functional, divisional and matrix structure. Functional structure affects the synchronization and communication between two departments of the organization because it focuses on different functions of the organization. Every department works on their own functions only. Divisional structure is sued by those organizations which has large scale operations. Matrix structure follows all systems of function and divisional structure. In this type of structure managers assures about the effective communication and coordination between different departments of the organization and workforce. In this way the structure and culture of any organization influence the business performance of the company (Abouzeedan and Hedner, 2012).

Factors that Influence Individual Behavior

There are various factors in the acquisition of Abbey College by the city college which influence the individual behavior at workplace. Both organizations have different structure and culture which affects individual performance as well as overall presentation also. Work behavior can define as the manner which helps in employment. Work force is an important asset for any organization and behaviors of every single personnel affects the performance of the business. There are various factors whi organization and behaviorch affect the individual behavior, these are:

  • Demographic factors
  • Knowledge and Skills of the employees
  • Perceptions
  • Attitude and personality
  • Working environment
  • Organization’s policies.

Behavior of the workforce of colleges is affected by the various demographic factors, such as economic factors, background, education, age, gender, contest, etc. Knowledge and skills is an important factor which affects the individual behavior. Employees can enhance their performance by the suitable use of their knowledge, skills and ability. Perception, attitude and personality influence the thinking and learning attitude of every individual which helps in improving their outcomes. Working environment is the main factor which increase and decrease the individual performance. Positive workings conditions help in encourage higher outcomes and negative and unfavorable working conditions discourage and de-motivate them. Some time organizational policies regarding the holidays, salary and compensation also manipulate the individual behavior (Cardona, 2000).

Compare different leadership styles in different organizations

 Leadership style can define as leader’s behavior towards the planning, directing, implementing, motivating and controlling peoples of the organizations. It comprises personality, communication prototype and perception of leader in leading entire team for attaining organization’s goal. Leadership styles influence by the experience of the manager, nature, size, problems, challenges, opportunities and structures of the organizations. There are four types of leadership style; theses are Authoritarian, Paternalistic, Democratic and Laissez-faire. Major differences are describing below (Robbins and Judge, 2008):

Thus, Different organization uses distinct leadership style as per the nature and functions of the business. Abbey College uses poor leadership style so its performance is totally decreasing year by year and City College utilizes the effective and participative leadership style which reflects the higher performance for coming future.

Organizational Theory for Practice Management

Form the pronunciation there are various organizational theories given by the different analyst and economist to explain the association’s management, leading employees, distribution of the resources, team management, etc. Fredrick W. Taylor has produced a theory which is famous as principles of scientific management. Majorly it is useful for the failed companies because of the poor management. Scientific management theory states four basic principles for every association,