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Introduction

A company need to frame varied set of strategy for the purpose of fulfilling the objective sand also to attain its specific aim. It initiates with strategic planning and developing strategies for the same. This aids in reducing the impact of any unforeseen event and also helps in getting rid of risk and uncertainty. With a motive to gain deep knowledge regarding business strategy, present report has been prepared. For this purpose, Giordano International has been taken into account which is a Hong Kong based clothing retailer. In this, discussion is incorporated for strategic planning, formulation of new strategy, evaluation and implementation of strategy.

Task 1: The Process Of Strategic Planning

1.1 Assessment of how business missions, visions, objectives, goals and core competencies in form strategic planning

Mission and Vision

Giordano International is a Hong Kong based clothing retailer that was founded in 1981 (Corp.giordano.com.hk 2015).The brand embodies contemporary lifestyle choice by providing superior apparels for men, women and children. The vision of the brand is to be the best and biggest brand in the world. The company maintains a cosmopolitan touch by thinking global. The mission of the brand is to make people feel good and look great. Giordano has over 2400 store operations in the Middle East region and beyond (Corp.giordano.com.hk 2015). The brand believes in providing corporate values with trendy fashion regardless of nationality, ethnicity or culture and illustrates the message of a world without strangers (Corp.giordano.com.hk 2015).

Goals and Objectives

The core objective of the brand is to provide maximum customer satisfaction. The brand aims at providing excellent customer service by keeping in contact with customers and soliciting feedback on an on-going basis. Giordano focuses on exceeding the expectations of customers in terms of merchandise and service. The brand aims to be a pioneer in customer service by focusing on five corporate values QKISS- Quality, Knowledge, Innovation, Service, and Simplicity (Giordano-me.com 2015).

Core Competencies

Giordano believes in modern simplicity and style. The brand maintains a competitive edge by providing world class customer service; timeless quality product; strategic locations for easy accessibility of customers and providing additional services such as alteration and global exchange policy. It is the primary objective of any company to address the customer needs. The brand provides consistent exceptional shopping experience to its customers. The additional services such as customer service toll free hotline, complimentary alterations and global exchange policy programs are core competencies of the business (Corp.giordano.com.hk 2015).

The company’s vision, mission, objectives and core competencies inform the strategic planning of the business in the clear cut manner. The vision of the company states clearly that where the company wants to be in future or after a certain period of time. The mission of the company states the reason of the existence of the company. The objectives define what the company wants to do and the core competency is the strength of the company or the area where the company is best at. All the components together form the strategic planning for the company as they state that what the company needs to do in order to achieve its long term goals.

1.2 Analysis of the factors that have to be considered when formulating strategic plans

There are various factors that have to be considered while forming a strategic plan such as internal factors, stakeholders and macro-factors. The internal factors involve code of ethics, organizational culture and policies of the company. The external factors involve political, economic, socio-cultural and technological factors affecting strategic plan. The stakeholders involve employees, managers, customers, suppliers, creditor, community and government. At this juncture, economic justification of stakeholders of approach can be considered in order to shed light on requirement of different parties who are directly or indireclty associated with company (Freeman and et. al., 2010).

Giordano is a successful company but it has confronted some important strategic planning process issues. The current positioning of the brand is customer satisfaction. The main objective of the brand is to provide maximum customer satisfaction. The current positioning of the brand is to provide trendy clothes at inexpensive prices (Zhang 2014, pp 698). The brand sells at discounted casual unisex appeal. The issue with brand positioning is that the strategy works in Asia but in other economies, people might appreciate a more affluent brand. Esprit is a tough competitor, as a part from being value for money, the brand also specializes in chains for men and women. Giordano must reposition itself to suit as a global image for achieving its mission (Wirtz 2011, pp 1-13).

Giordano follows a vision-based planning approach. The brand focuses on a clear and concrete vision and makes judgments only on the priorities as the quickest and least expensive way. It is also important to follow an issue-oriented planning approach which is a hybrid of data-based and vision-based planning approach. The current situation and future projections can be accomplished in this vision. The vision-based approach only focuses on challenges and opportunities while in issue-oriented approach, the brand can strike a good logic between data and vision (Wittmann and Reuter 2012, pp 12).

Structure of the Organization: The structure of the organization largely affects the strategy of the business. The companies must make the strategy according to the structure of the organization. The strategy of the organization has to be in accordance with internal structure and the policies of the company.

Culture of the Organization: The culture of the organization is also a very important factor that affects the strategy of the company. The culture decides how the people will be able to implement the strategy. The culture of the organization is the collective thinking of the people and how would they contribute to the strategy. (Kiptoo and Mwirigi, 2014).

1.3 Evaluation of the effectiveness of techniques used when developing strategic business plans

A SWOT analysis can be used for analysing strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats for strategically planning a framework. A mapping course with a clear view can be obtained and can help Giordano in achieving its objectives. Through SWOT analysis, present situation of Giordano can be assessed effectively and accurately; it demonstrates the impact of internall and external factors to the business. Especially SWOT helps Giordano in evaluating advantages and disadvantages of internal factors. In addition it also states chances and risks from external factors (Kvedaraviciene 2013, pp 3)

With the blue ocean strategic tool, Giordano starts with the identification of the major factors that define competitive differentiation with the given industry today. This includes price, quality, breadth of product, availability of product etc. (Kim and Mauborgne 2005).

PESTLE Analysis: The PESTEL Analysis is also one of the most popular techniques through which the strategy is formulated. The PSTEL technique enables the strategist to analyze the most important Macro factors which can affect the business and which have the direct impact on the strategy. The PESTEL factors are Political, Economic, Sociological, Technological, Legal and Environmental which are defined as follows:

  • Political Factors: The political factors are very important to be considered while developing the strategy. The political factors may be defined as those factors which determine the attitude of the government towards the industry and thus the business in particular. These factors are the factors like the policies related to the trade, or tariffs etc.
  • Economic Factors: The economic factors like the inflation or deflation also need to be considered. The economic factors have a direct impact on the industry as these factors determine the state of the economy of the country the business is operating in. The economic factors also affect the demand of the consumers.
  • Sociological Factors: The societal factors of the customers are also very important. The social factors like the demographics, the trends and analysis of the population are also very important as these are directly related to the purchase pattern of the consumers.
  • Technological Factors: This is a well-known fact that this is the technological era and without the latest technology adoption the survival of the company in the international market is not possible. Thus the latest technology must be adopted by the company.
  • Legal Factors: The Company like Giordano and Adidas must also take into consideration the legal factors like the laws and regulations that have to be followed by the companies.
  • Environmental Factors: The business does not act alone and it is surrounded with the environment. These factors affect directly the strategy of the company. Thus the environmental factors are also very important for Giordano and Adidas (PESTLE Analysis, 2016).

Task 2: Formulation Of a New Strategy

2.1 Analysis of the strategic positioning of a given organisation by carrying out an organisational audit

Need for Organizational Audit

Giordano needs an organizational audit for designing a consulting activity in order to add value and improve the operations if the company.

Value Chain analysis

Value chain analysis plays an important role as it is an era of rapid globalization for increasing competitiveness. The brand has excellence in design and outstanding customer service as main activities of the value chain. The brand has adapted its IT structure from Walmart’s, which integrates its logistics and marketing functions (Woo and Jin 2014, pp 5).

SWOT Analysis

  • The strength of the brand is that its product caters to all age groups of both men and women. The professional service provided makes the customers feel comfortable and important. The brand sells value-for-money through careful selection of suppliers. The stores are located at strategic locations for convenience of consumers (Woo and Jin 2014, pp 5).
  • The weakness of the brand lies in the fact that their product range is limited. The adapted IT strategies are not feasible for all organizations. The brand also fails to differentiate core brands from the mainstream (Mittal and Arora, 2014).
  • The opportunity of the brand lies in the fact that there is scope for expansion in continents other than Asia. Their brand image can be strengthened through greater advertising and customer service. The brand image can be maintained and even improved through these efforts (Woo and Jin 2014).
  • The brand has threats of intense competition like GAP, Esprit etc. The competitors have better strategic locations and technology in the design process (Mittal and Arora 2014).

Benchmarking and Scenario Planning

The benchmark set for scenario planning is to grow in other markets for affluent consumers. In Asia, the brand focuses on value for money. It aims to target customer segments which have disposable income and can pay more. People believe that high priced products are luxurious. So prices have to be raised in order to target the luxurious market segment (Urde, Baumgarth and Merrilees, 2013).

Strategic Synergy

The strategic synergy for Giordano by achieving benchmark would be that there would be a greater market segment created. The new market segment of luxurious consumers who prefer other brands might switch to Giordano as it would be in a premium segment (Urde, Baumgarth and Merrilees 2013).

Strategic Positioning of Giordano

The strategic positioning of Giordano is that it sells value for money products but its prices are not that high. The Company Giordano has positioned itself as a brand which is famous for its trendy apparels and yet the prices are moderate. (Le, 2015)

2.2 Environmental audit of Giordano

PESTLE analysis

Political Forces- Hong Kong has a democratic government that makes the political situation of the country positive. The government does not provide any subsidy to apparel industries. Due to free trade, Hong Kong is the sixth-largest exporter of apparel and textiles that makes the market attractive (Wirtz 2011).
Economic Forces- Hong Kong was ruled by the UK government, prior to its takeover by China. People spend large amounts on apparel in Hong Kong than in UK. Hong Kong has a fashion conscious culture with highest clothing expenditures (Wirtz 2011).
Social Forces- Giordano provides both business and casual clothing for men and women of all ages in addition to kids wear. A combination of both US and Chinese cultures are followed in Hong Kong.
Technological Forces- With rapid transition in technology, Giordano has adapted the IT structure of Walmart. The speed of technological transfer makes the company feasible for customers.
Legal Forces- The import and export regulations of Hong Kong state that operations of apparel industry are free to trade. There are reduced barriers to US export (Trade.gov 2015).
Environmental Forces- Giordano supports a number of CSR events such as “Project Hope” and “World Without Strangers” for handling crisis in the environment (Wirtz 2011).

Porter’s Five Forces Analysis

Bargaining power of suppliers(Moderate)

It is appropriate to build a win-win relationship with suppliers for protecting interests at both ends. There is supplier concentration and diversity in designs offered by suppliers. The suppliers have bargaining power but the degree of their bargaining power is moderate as there are lots of suppliers who are willing to supply for a brand like Giordano.

Bargaining Power of customers (High)

There are a lot of competitive brands available in the market such as Gap and Esprit that make increase the bargaining power of customers (Mun 2011). The bargaining power of the customers is also very high and the reason behind this is that in this competitive era the customer is the king of the market and without valuing the customer it is not possible for the business to survive. The customers have various options and their bargaining power is also high.

Threat of new entrants (Low- Moderate)

With the advancement of technology, there is a dilemma within the apparel industry regarding sustainability of long-term advantage over competitors(Zhu and He 2013). The threat of the new entrants remain moderate to low as giving the competition to a brand like Giordano for the new entrants in not an easy game.

Threat of substitutes (High)

Apparels are available in value for money that restricts the capability of improving margins and raising prices for Giordano (Zhu and He 2013). With the ever changing apparel industry the threat of the substitute products is quite as the customer switches easily with one brand to another.

Rivalry among Competitors (High)

There are a number of intense rivalries such as H&M and Sara in the global market while Bossini has a strong local market share (Zhu and He 2013). The rivalry among the customers is also very high. All the competitors are mapping the activities of one another and the competition us cut throat.

Strategic Positioning

The strategic positioning of Giordano is planned at providing best quality products at competitive prices while entering into the international market. The brand also needs to grow its sales internationally through aggressive advertising so as to match competition in the market (Chaudhry and Hodge 2012).

2.3 Significance of stakeholder analysis when formulating new strategy

The key stakeholders of Giordano are internal and external stakeholders. There are internal stakeholders for fund investors, shareholders, management team and employees. External stakeholders include customers, suppliers, government, communities. The main purpose of business is to satisfy its customers. The satisfaction of customers is influenced by the fund investors as they contribute to the business.

The roles of the shareholders will be provided the source of finance for the Giordano if they expect to increase their value with the growth of Business (Gudonaviciene & Rutelione, 2009 pp. 397-406). The roles of management manage efficient and lower cost of operations. Employees would be to provide efficient operation for organization and help Giordano to attain competitive advantage with their well training. The roles of suppliers have an important role to supply raw materials at good quality and low price which will be produced a quality products and cost benefit to organization and consumers.

The customers cannot be satisfied without a win-win situation with suppliers and employees. The government lays important regulations for smooth operation of the business. The brand also has a social responsibility towards the community through environmental measures (Pitt and Koufopoulos, 2012).

Stakeholder Mapping Analysis

Significance

Strategy Formulation: The stakeholders’ analysis is very important for the companies from the point of view that through the stakeholders’ analysis the company gets to formulate the strategy which is in accordance with the people who are affected by it.
Value Addition: The stakeholders’ analysis also helps the company to add the value to its business.
Formation of Partnership: The stakeholders’ analysis is also very beneficial for the formulation of the partnership.

2.4 Presentation of a new strategy

With the results achieved through PESTLE and Porter’s analysis, Giordano can consider becoming a luxurious brand and provide premium products rather than competitive prices.
The new strategy for the company Giordano would be to repositioning itself and become the new and improved brand. The company can position itself as a brand which is the luxurious brand and it can also offer the prices which are premium in nature. There is great advantage of adopting such a strategy as such companies are considered to be of best quality company and this is why the consumer is willing to pay more for the products of such companies.

Till now the company is famous for its low/moderate price apparels and this strategy seemed quite successful for the company also. However, there is a whole large segment which consists of the prime consumer, i.e. consumers who are willing to pay more for the best quality products and the products which they find value for money. Thus the new strategy for Giordano could be to enter into this segment of the market and try to increase the share of the market through aggressive marketing (Ingram, 2016).

Task 3 Approaches To Strategy Evaluation

3.1 Analysis of possible alternative strategies relating to substantive growth, limited growth or retrenchment

Ansoff Strategies

Market Penetration- The strategy can be used to increase sales in the existing markets of Giordano. The brand must extend its strengths in the market for improving sales to existing or new customers through increased advertising, price competition and intensive distribution.
Product Development- The strategy to increase sales in current or developing products can be done through variants such as accessories, range extensions and innovations for current models (Stonehouse and Houston, 2013).
Market Development- The strategy to increase sales in new markets can be done by competitive pricing and entering luxurious market segment (Stonehouse and Houston, 2013).
Diversification- Giordano can consider diversifying business to bed accessories by integrating concepts from Esprit. Market research must be done before putting anything into action (Stonehouse and Houston, 2013).

Market Entry Strategies

Franchising is a foreign market entry mode for managing stores at various locations. The franchisees for Giordano must be set up in international markets for selling products and making Giordano available at convenient locations. The store must carry luxurious furnishing and high end services meant to target the luxurious market segment. Affluent customers can purchase through such chain stores.

Substantive growth, Limited growth, and retrenchment strategies

For substantive growth of the brand, Giordano may consider franchising, horizontal or vertical integration. Through horizontal integration, the brand can capture greater market share by merging with local famous brands. Just-in-Time inventory can be ensured through vertical integration (Ackermann and Audretsch, 2013).

For limited growth strategies, Giordano may simply aim to retail the existing market share and perform no alternative. Giordano can modify its products according to global needs for the market it enters. The products can be innovated according to foreign markets and increase in market presence. A combining strategy may be adopted by combining the above strategies.

For retrenchment strategies, remedial actions must be taken promptly by Giordano. The brand is known for its value for money that ignores the luxury segment. Competitive pricing strategies can be followed for competing with other luxurious brands in the global market. This would help in attaining mission of the organization by satisfying its customers. Giordano must focus on generating revenue by increasing margins (Chakrabarti, Vidal and Mitchell 2011).

Blue Ocean Strategy

Blue ocean strategic tool can be used for determining competitive landscape. The products can be designed for minimizing competition through new start-ups and developments in the existing organization(Teece, 2010). Demand is rather created than fought over. Blue Ocean provides ample opportunities that can be profitable for Giordano. Blue ocean strategy is an opportunity-maximising risk-minimising strategy. There are two ways to create blue oceans in the business. Firstly, Giordano can consider launching new industries. Either way, and the most commonly followed method, Giordano can expand the boundary from the existing industry. The strategy mainly focuses on creating value for the customers.

3.2 Justification of an appropriate future strategy for Giordano

The process of strategy selection

The selection of strategy is based on direction through which strategy which will move and methods for purusation of the same. It can also be done on the basis of willineness or level of corporation to seek for competitive edge (Johnson, Scholes and Whitthington, 2008).

Upon analysis of mission and objectives, the purpose of the firm to pursuit future opportunities is guided. An internal and external environmental analysis is conducted by identifying its strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. The market entry strategies are formulated alternatively for growth of the organization. Based on this data and analysis, Blue Ocean strategy can be adopted for future strategic planning. The mission of Giordano is to make people feel good and look great. Blue Ocean Strategy can be used as a tool for meeting the mission of the organization. The Blue ocean strategy can help in creating an uncontested market space through process innovation(Wirtz, 2011) .

Blue Ocean strategic tool can be used for meeting mission of Giordano as it not only creates an uncontested market space but also appears to be a combination of cost leadership and differentiation. These factors help in defining a niche market using approaches of information gathering through internal and external environment analyses. As seen in the case of Japanese company Canon, it creates a niche market by shifting the target customer of the copier industry from corporate purchasers to users (Blue Ocean Strategy, 2016). The Blue Ocean tool helps the organisation in going outside the comfort zone and exploring new territories in the market. Blue Ocean tool also helps n developing a strategic canvas and allows the management to see the results by benchmarking. Blue Ocean strategy helps in moving the organisation towards its competitors by lessening the gap and increasing chances of achieving goals. As seen in the case of Polo, Ralph Lauren updated price and look for capturing greater market share . Thus, new markets can be made by not competing but making the competition irrelevant (Omar and Sawy, 2013).

Justification of the Strategy

Increased Profit: Through the new strategy the profit of the Company is likely to be increased. The company must be able to adapt according to the changes of the market and this is the reason that without the adaptation of the changes the company cannot earn profits.
Long Run Survival: The long run survival is also possible only when the company gets to adopt the new improved strategy with the changing tine.
One of the main reason due to which blue ocean as a strategy can be undertaken by business is that through this long term performance of the enterprise can be enhanced easily. Further, profitability level of the enterprise can be easily enhanced through introduction of this strategy within the business operations . Blue ocean strategy can enhance market share long with profitability level of organization and it is one of the main reason behind selection of this strategy. This can surely bring favourable results for organization in every possible manner and can act as development tool for the business (Blue Ocean Strategy, 2016).

TASK 4

4.1 Explain the different roles and responsibilities needed for strategy implementation

It is significant for Giordano to place better and effective strategy which is able to lead the business to great success and overall achievements (Wirtz, 2011). In that respect, the cited organisation should follow the stated processes which are helpful in creating a perfect strategy:

Strategy implementation process

In the prior step, Giordano has to determine the vision of the blue ocean strategy. For instance, they are likely to increase their overall stores from 2,400 to 2600 in the international sector. Further, the Giordano needs to evaluate the information gained from the market research. In addition to this, they are able to identify the number and level of resources available in the market (Bhardwaj, Eickman and Runyan, 2011). For introducing new stores they require proper information about the available resources in the concerned sector.

Blue oceans strategy is very powerful as it is a tool for building brand. A blue ocean strategic move also creates brand equity that has an impact over people for decades. Giordano can make proactive changes in the industry for purposeful application of the tool. The strategy is an integrated approach for aligning three propositions- profit, value and people. Speed, quality and consistency of providing products to consumers can be attained at a low cost with efficient planning and engagement (Ackermann and Audretsch, 2013).

In the next step, Giordano should try to address the present form of demands made by their targeted clients and supply provided by them. This would be profitable for the firm to address the overall abilities and quality given by the organisation in their performance (Stonehouse and Houston, 2013).

Considering the entire data collected, the team of Giordano should take effective and strategical actions by considering the market information and approaches for blue ocean strategy.

In the end, Giordano must monitor and make changes in the strategy (if required). As they are planning to expand their market by increasing the number of stores to 2,600 it is crucial for them to ascertain the market condition and accordingly implement the changes.

strategy implementation process

Roles and responsibilities for implementing the strategy

There are several kind of responsibilities fulfilled by business in order to implement the corporate strategy. According to the given scenario, for implementing blue ocean strategy responsibilities of all level of management-

Operational- Lower level management consists of line workers who are engaged with varied organizational activities which prove to be effective to determine long run growth and success of business. Here, Giordano International workforce directly involved in the product process of clothes are allocated responsibilities to speed up the flow of production. They are responsible to meet specific demand of buyers. It is because blue ocean statey is about reconstruction of industry boundary. However, they will be provided training to perform better. At this level all operation or dialy basis work is completed by operational manager in accordance with direction given by tactical level. Hoever, they just supervise the work allotted to employees. Furthermore, certaintainty remains higher because this is the actual phase of strategic implementation.

Tactical- Middle level management include all departmental managers such as production, marketing, research & development as well as finance. At this juncture, finance manager is responsible to allocate financial budget as per the need of business. Furthermore, marketing department is responsible for increasing customer base with introduction of lucrative marketing strategies. At the same time, low cost strategy tend to focus on reducing price of product so as to maximize opportunities of the business along with minimum cost. Moreover, research and development department of Giordano International focuses upon exploring new marketing for the purpose of creating win-win outcome with implementation of blue ocean strategy. Here the level of complexity goes to moderate and accoridngly some sort of uncertainties can be seen here also( Cambpell, Edgar and Stonehouse, 2011).

Strategic- It is the top level of management which consists of CEO and managing director of Giordano International. They take strategic decision and ensure to have proper resources for implementation of blue ocean strategy. For exmaple, cost effective sources will be accessed to hire personnel and provide them training to implement new strategy for business. However, they play vital role of entire business as they give strategic direction to company for increasing overall rate of return. Basically they focus on long term time horizon along with higher uncertainties as they focus on sustainable competitive edge of the firm.

Market researcher– A researcher in the organisation is highly responsible to identify and allocate the appropriate information and data about their targeted market and concerned business. This helps the managers to formulate a perfect set of action plan for blue ocean strategy. With reference to which, the Giordano is hereby required to hire a relevant market researcher with an update cognition regarding the ongoing stipulations of markets.

Further there is responsibility of the HR manager to recruit talented personnel who can execute the strategy that is related with blue ocean.

In addition to this the major responsibility is towards proper allocation of the resources in accordance with the crucial aspect of the activities under blue ocean.

4.2 Evaluating resource required to implement a new strategy

The process of implementing requires proper availability of resources and knowledge for gaining possible set of desired objectives. It is necessary that the business should address the required form and level of resources that are generally needed by an organisation to overcome the steps and processes defined under the blue ocean strategy. Moreover, the Giordano should evaluate the kind of resources requisite to employ the strategy defined by them. In that context, Giordano also needs to address the sort of available and required resources that are helpful for them to execute the Blue Ocean strategy in an effective manner (Wang, 2013). The following are the information about the types of resources which are generally needed by an organisation like Giordano to integrate blue ocean strategy. Generally, organizational resources are considered as the foundation stone for strategy development. However, analysis of resources is the imperative aspect whereby organization success can be ensured in the marketplace (Lynch, 2007).

Physical resources– Land, buildings, plant, equipment, etc. are physical resources for any business which support to ensure successful operation in the marketplace. According to the given scenario, Giordano International is applying blue ocean strategy where new opportunities are explored with less risk. At this juncture, business will open its new outlet where requirement of land basic nessecity (Giordano Interim Report. 2013). Not only this, but resources like machinery for producing clothes will also be needed along with technologies for record keeping etc. These resources will be acquired by Giordano International for implenting strategy successfully (Giordano FAQ. 2009).

Human resources– Giordano should obtain the requisite number of appropriately skilled employees, agents, contractors, etc. as per the requirements in the expansion strategy. Here, blue ocean strategy serves as the expansion phase of the firm under which focus is laid on minimization of cost and exploring new market in order to determine a long-run growth of firm (Lovelock, 2011). Apart from this, skilled and competent workforce will be hired so as to offer good quality of services to buyers of Giordano International. At the same time, continous training and learning program can also be offered to workforce for their expertise.

Time: This presents that adequate amount of time is needed in order to make implementation of the blue ocean strategy in an effective manner. With time all the aspects under the strategy can be covered with greater effectiveness. In order to successfully implement the Blue Ocean strategy it is required by the manager to focuses on time resources so that they can accomplish it in the set time period.

Finance: The role of adequate amount of funds is significant in implementing the blue ocean strategy as involves expansion that is time consuming. It is significant that firm needs to possess suitable financial resources so that it is able to accomplish the objectives through execution of Blue Ocean Strategy.

Marketing- It is another important approach through which product and services of business will be promoted. However, in order to increase the sales turnover of the business social media marketing can be used by the firm. Moreover, discounting strategies is applied in order to approach buyers. It can be critically evaluated that initially business might not attract more buyers but selected aspects would be effective to increase customer base for long run (Moutinho and Southern, 2011).

4.3 Discussing targets and timescales for achievement in organisation to monitor a given strategy

It is highly beneficial for them to ascertain the values and determine the targets that are to be achieved by them by implementing the strategy (Lovelock, 2011).. Similarly, Giordano also need to frame SMART objectives for achieving its set objectives on right time span. For this purpose, management of Giordano International set following objectives for implemting Blue ocean strategy-

  • To increase sales turnover by HK‎$30 million till the mid of 2017 (Giordano, 2016)
  • To enhance customer base to 1000 by 2017
  • To discover at least 3 new markets by the mid of 2018

The aforementioned SMART objectives reflects that time frame and exact aspect of target is also provided,. It would be effective for Giordano International to set goals at each departmental level such as operation, marketing and production as well as sales. For exmaple, sales team will be motivated with higher incentive alogn with establishment of new objectives. It facilitates to retain buyers till 25% at the end of 2017 (Teece, 2010). It enables business formulate short term strategies for successful implementation of blue ocean strategy to discover new market at relatively lower cost. Apart from this, upper level management is responsible for discovering new markets with strong research and development activities. It proves to be effective to create competitve edge of the business. Apart form this, sale team is motivated to achive targets till the end of 2017. Here, short term objectives such as monthly targets can be set under Giordano International so as to promote SMART objectives and implement blue ocean strategy in a successful manner. Therefore, SMART objectves are important for motiuvating personnel and all related departments of business. The figures have been assumed as per the analysis of the annual report of the firm. The increase in past years data is considered in order to set the targeted figures.

Targets and time-scales: Their target is to gain market benefits of revenue and position by offering a unique range of watches with various colours Moreover, they are also planning to supply new variety of leather jackets to the men segment via distributors market and stores. Their aim is to improve their profits by 25% from both the segments by the end of 2016. Along with this, they have expansion strategy for increasing their market boundaries in international sector by introducing 200 more stores in the areas where the demand for the products offered by Giordano is higher. They are planning to achieve this aim by the end of this year i.e. 2016.
The SMART objectives of the Blue Ocean strategy is as under -

Specific- One of the main specific objective of business is to enhance profitability level by 10% in one year. This aim is linked with overall growth of organization and its accomplishment can surely bring favourable results for firm (Wang, 2013). Along with this, the expansion strategy of Giordano is specific that is to increase the number of international stores from 2,400 to 2,600 by the end of 2016.

Measurable- In order to measure accomplishment of this goal, the team of Giordano can compare its present number of stores (2,400) with the stores expanded by the end of 2016 and this can assist in knowing whether aim has been accomplished or not. Moreover, the profits could be measured through comparing the previous year balance sheet with the results gained in the current planned year (Omar and Sawy, 2013).

Attainable- For attaining the expansion objective, the team of Giordano is required to focus on marketing tools and information along with the demanded product range which is highly preferred by the customers (Lovelock, 2011). In addition to this, the profit increasing capacity could be easily attained by implementing strategical theories and methods for producing low cost products and assessing the cheaper supply chain.

Realistic- To attain the specified objectives is a realistic task for Giordano as business is quite efficiently and has internal strength to meet all the targets in proper manner. They have 8,100 staff members which eventually helps them in executing their business operations.

Time– For accomplishing the expansion and profits raising strategy, Giordano has the time period of four months.

Smart target are important as with the achievement of such the achievement of the strategy can be attained in an effective manner. The two important smart targets includes expansion of the business and increasing the profitability of the firm. Smart targets has significant role in providing direction to firm towards carrying out its performance.

Conclusion

Based on this report, it can be inferred that Giordano International can opt for market expansion in order to boost its operational base. With the help of it, the company can able to increase its market share by addressing the opportunities available in different market. Beside this, it can even expand its product line in existing as well as new market in order to remain competent for longer. This helps in attracting varied set of customers towards them.

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