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Introduction

Proper nutrition and physical activity play a significant role with respect to reduce rates of diseases and death from chronic diseases. There are most of the people who do not eat enough fruit and half of them not each vegetable. Therefore, the diets of subgroups contain too much fat and calories elements such as calcium. In order to live a healthy life, it is important to be engaged in the physical activities (Kovacs, 2017). For a healthy life, regular physical activities play a significant role. Physical inactive lead to increase the chances of heart disease and other issues as compared to people who perform regular physical activities. Physical inactive people lead to hold the risk of a wide range of health diseases such as high blood pressure, heart attack, etc.  The benefit can get from physical activity done by people who suffer from other risk factors such as hypertension, obesity, etc. While working in a community centre located in a large housing estate in a deprived area, it is analysed that people do not have knowledge regarding healthy eating food and physical activity (Tilzey, 2018). Due to this reason, most of the people are suffering from health issues and many of them death. It is essential to develop a strategy for delivering a programme designed to meet the needs of entire community.  

Main body

Sociological approach

In order to run it in an effective manner, public health program should focus on health promotion and diseases prevention strategies. For instance, breastfeeding which is done by pregnant women and new mothers help in developing children’s healthy eating habits at the time of infancy. It is important to implant appropriate physical activity and healthy eating behaviour from the childhood (Hunt and Lautzenheiser, 2015). Prevention efforts which lead to target older children and schools are importantly similar to provide intervention for adults who are not active or have poor dietary habits in them. All the intervention programs which are taken into consideration must be effective enough for developing awareness related to the nutritional diet.

Mark as a food theorist

Nourishment has transformed into a middle intelligent irregularity of modern private enterprise. Trades of the budgetary viewpoints and human art of sustenance and food organizations have all the earmarks of being wherever today, with presumably the most fundamental duties made by Marxian scholars. In the midst of abundant food age, hunger remains an unending issue and sustenance security is at present a crushing stress for colossal quantities of the world's kinfolk

Without a doubt, the business visionary food organization at the period of the Industrial Revolution was far less made than our own and therefore, had scarcely begun to be evaluated by Marx or others (Sobal, 2017). Marx was such a sharp onlooker of the political economy of private undertaking and the processing of nature and society that absence of an examination of sustenance would address a surprising and basic gap in his work. It shows that Marx in sureness developed a low down and progressed investigate of the cutting-edge support system in Britain in the mid-nineteenth century, in the period that history experts have called "the Second Agricultural Revolution." Not simply did he consider the creation, movement, and usage of nourishment; he was the first to consider these as constituting an issue of advancing sustenance "organizations"— a believed that has since ended up being fundamental to trades of the industrialist food structure.

Strategies

There are some behaviour change strategies which can be implemented like:

Increase fruit and vegetable consumption: Higher consumption of fruits and vegetables lead to associated with the lower incidence of the wide range of chronic disease (Díaz-Méndez and Gómez-Benito, 2017).

Reducing television watching time: It is essential to do reduction in television watching time of children and adults as it  help in reducing the risk of obesity in younger age people.

Involving in physical activities: Children and adults can be engaged in exercise and physical activity such as riding bicycle. It leads to reduce the chances of health-related risk and promote a healthy lifestyle (Blue, Shov and Kelly, 2016). Physical activity strategies such as school-based physical education, community-wide campaign etc can be carried out. In school, there should be policies related to the engage in sufficient moderate to vigorous activity at the time of school physical education class. Apart from this, education program can be arranged according to the person willingness for changes that can be incorporated by them in their daily routines.

REFERENCES

  • Blue, S., Shove, E., Carmona, C. and Kelly, M.P., 2016. Theories of practice and public health: understanding (un) healthy practices. Critical Public Health26(1), pp.36-50.
  • Díaz-Méndez, C. and Gómez-Benito, C., 2017. Nutrition and the Mediterranean Diet: A Historical and Sociological Analysis of the Concept of a ‘Healthy Diet’in Spanish Society☆. In Transforming the Rural: Global Processes and Local Futures(pp. 283-309). Emerald Publishing Limited.
  • Hunt, E.K. and Lautzenheiser, M., 2015. Rationalistic Subjectivism: The Economics of Bentham, Say, and Senior. In History of Economic Thought, 3rd Edition (pp. 149-176). Routledge.
  • Kovacs, D.M., 2017. Grounding and the argument from explanatoriness. Philosophical Studies174(12), pp.2927-2952.
  • Sobal, J., 2017. Weighty issues: Fatness and thinness as social problems. Routledge.
  • Tilzey, M., 2018. Political Ecology, Capitalism, and Food Regimes. In Political Ecology, Food Regimes, and Food Sovereignty (pp. 45-85). Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.
  • Foster, J. B. 2016. Marx as a Food Theorist [Online] Available through <https://monthlyreview.org/2016/12/01/marx-as-a-food-theorist/>