Questions- This assessment will cover the following questions:
- Identify the variety of ways in which health and illness are actualised by the group and individual behaviour.
- Examine different perspectives of health and illness, considering the impact of cultural and social ideas on individual' s behaviour.
- Analyse the definition of health wellness and illness as per definition given by the WHO, 1948.
Health refers as mental, physical and social well-being. Having a body and health of absence of disease as well as to recover bounce back from illness is well-being and wellness (De Witte, Pienaar and De Cuyper, 2016). This study is going to show importance of being healthy as well as consequences of not being healthy. It will also show some sociocultural and other personal behaviour factors that influence health of an individual and specially eating habits. Further, it will show some ways and interventions of solving that problems and being healthy.
Ways in Which Health and Illness are Conceptualized in Individual and group Behaviours
As per the WHO 1948, health can be defined as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being or the absence of disease. The state if being in a good health and free of disease is called wellness (Kardefelt Winther and et.al., 2017). Well-being is the experience of happiness as well as prosperity. Illness behaviour can be defined as any action of an individual who does not feel well for the purpose of their state of health. This behaviour can be divided into 2 categories or ways in which illness and well-being defined in individual behaviour:
Self-care behaviour: It includes those actions which are being taken to improve a health condition by do not taking any medical attention or medication. It includes exercise, changing eating habits etc. Identify symptoms at early stage and work for removing them can improve self-care habit (Illness Behaviour, 2013.).
Health care utilization behaviour: It includes those actions which involve direct use of healthcare services. Or it is the description of the use of services which is used for the main purpose of health and well-being.
Different perspectives of Health and Illness along with Impacts of Social and Cultural ideas on Individual's Behaviours
In the context of health and well-being it can be said that it plays in important role. There are several factors which can improve and decrease health of an individual. Some eating habits and other habits can become the reason of decreased health such as: Smoking, using alcohol to the great limit, eating unhealthy or junk food etc. There are several factors and perspectives that consider and are changing needs of health and well-being such as: living and working condition, demographic changes, food, education, social justice etc. Social and cultural ideas also have great impacts on the health and well-being of an individual (Carel, 2018).
In addition, it can be said that health can be determined by several factors like personal behaviour, genetic inheritance etc. Some other factors like job stress, poverty can be conceptualized as an exposure influencing the health of individual at different levels. In the context of personal behaviour and habit of smoking it can be said that it has several negative impacts on the health of people. So, it need to be prevented and stopped for improving health
Also Read:- Impact of Vegan Diet On Health
Influences of different Models of Health
As per the holistic approach and definition, well-being and health can be defined as the achievement and maintenance of mental stability. There are several models of health that can influence on health behaviour such as: Social model, medical model, bio psychosocial model and ecosystem model.
Social model: This models helps an individual in examining all factors that play an important role in health such as social, environment and cultural. For example: poor housing: This social factor increases stress and decreased self-esteem which give negative impacts on the health. Job stress and tension is one of the main reason why people smoke and change their eating habits (Different Models Of Health, 2017).
Medical model: As per this model, it is stated that science have solution of all types of diseases and it can cure them. This concept is easy to understand and there are several tools by which people and doctor can determine that if a disease is present or not.
In the context of social influence on health it can be said that it shapes human from early development via senescence. There are several benefits of positive social environment that are particularly salient in chronic disease states. Social support like care attention and moral support improve the health of an individual (Shomali and Peeples, 2018.
Controversies and Implications of differing Perspectives
There are some controversies of different perspectives of health. Sociology assumes that a functioning society depends upon people who are fit and healthy. According to them a sick and unhealthy person is one who is not responsible for normal and day to day duties, who is not supposed to like a role and help responsible for being sick. In the context of smoking controversies it can be said that tobacco companies are helping manufacturing the smoking controversy that smoking is a cause of disease, but they have not materially (Morcol and et.al., 2017).
Different Interpretations which Influences Human Behaviour
In the context of eating habits or smoking by which approximate of 78,000 people in the UK die, some prevention can be suggested which can influence human behaviour and health.
Nicotine replacement therapy: As per this therapy, individuals are given a low level of nicotine in smoking as it is not possible for an individual to quit smoking in a fully manner. So, with this therapy, harmful effects can be decreased.
Positive Exercise: Exercise is the best therapy which keeps an individual away from diseases and make them healthy and fit, When an individual feel fresh and positive by mentally then it helps them out in curing their physical health.
Public health interventions: In these interventions, people are giving some positive advices and also make them aware about the harmful impacts of unhealthy eating habits or smoking. Public health interventions give them counselling and therapies after analysing their behaviours (Singh, 2019).
From the above study it has been summarized that well-being and becoming healthy is very important and there are several factors that can influence this well-being and health. The most important factor which has become the reason of decreasing health of an individual is smoking or poor eating habits. Further, it has shown some interventions or models by which health of an individual can be improved such as positive exercise, medical therapies and other public health interventions.
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