Topic - managing change
1. Analyse various models, theories and approaches of how the process of change should be used to support those who will be involved or affected by change with the help of 3 models like Lewin, Kotter, Mckensey 7 Models. Explain them and provide appropriate example of all the models.
- Suggest the approach to be used for a change process and devise a strategic plan for its implementation. Also. Apply one of the 3 models that is corresponding and make Strategic Management Plan for Implementing Change.
Analyse different approaches, models and theories that examines how the process of change should be led to gain the support of those who will be involved or affected in a change process. produce a strategic plan for implementation of change in an organisation (2000 words).
Structure of essay
- Introduction (150 words)
- Main body (LO1 and LO2) approx. 875 words for each.
- Conclusion (100 words)
- Reference list
Change management is a strategic method to addressing the shift or transformation of the objectives, procedures or innovations of a company (Holt and Vardaman, 2013). Change management's intent is to enforce techniques to bring about change, organise change, and help staff members to adapt to change. These techniques provide a formal protocol to request a modification, as well as processes to react to and follow it up on applications. Documents is a key part of change management, to not only preserve an audit trail if a roll back is needed, but to also make sure that internally and externally restrictions, such as regulatory requirements, are respected. Tesco plc is considered to underpin change management. Three change models of change as Lewin, Kotter and McKensey used with proper assessment. Justification subject to use change process and develop a strategic plan for implementation and the one of the discussed change models applied to managing the change.
1. Assessment of Different Models and Theories and Concept of Process of Change
There must be an alter scheduling as well as monitoring cycle, a change communication method, a change staffing and implementation method, a change documentation method, as well as a switch evaluation process. To be successful, the change administration approach must understand how procedures, structures, including staff inside the company would be impacted by an alteration or substitution.
McKinsey 7-S Framework
Strategy: Tesco pursues cost leadership business strategy according to its marketing communication message Every Little Helps. The supermarket chain has been able to sustain this strategy due to the extensive exploitation of the economies of scale and the exercise of bargaining power in dealing with suppliers to secure low purchasing costs (Ignatius, 2011).
Structure: It reflects the organisation of company groups but departments which contains information about who is responsible with whom. In other words, architecture is the company's corporate map. It's also one of the gear's components which are most noticeable as well as difficult to replace.
Systems: To maintain their services, the grocery chain depends on a wide variety of systems on such a regular basis. Dave Lewis, CEO of New ownership, announced a plan to complicate organisational systems to get company back on track. A suitable illustration can be described as the change of the Steering reliability assessment scheme that found to contain more than 40 various measures. There are only six main performance measures in the performance testing system, so the aggregate process was significantly simplified (Mashlah, Paton, McCalman and Siebert, 2016).
Shared Value - Common Value-The firm's goals and principles are defined using common values. The organization assumes that by growing the complexity of strategies from being a basic supplier to a generic supply chain.
Staff - Staff represents a business's amount of staff during its organization Tesco employs more than 400,000 workers around the country.
Style - The Corporation’s operating style that it takes up helps businesses achieve the corporation's ambitions or goals. Tesco used the wheel style to achieve its goals. The circle has 90-degree circles, representing the four key areas of the business and being worker efficiency, employees, services, and clients (Schein, 2016).
Skill - A company's or its individuals ' ability to achieve a specific task is defined as the business's expertise. Tesco regulates full understanding to its workers to enable them to operate inside the organisation efficiently. This contributed to workplace capacity development to operate in line with Tesco Company's expectations.
Benefits of McKinsey 7-S Framework
The model is efficient in terms of increasing the performance and productivity of organisation. the model is very useful during merger and acquisition of an entity as it assists the key process effectively.
Lewin’s change model
Kurt Lewin created three stages of change model: unfreeze, change, and refreeze. The method is a very easy and practical framework of devising the process of transition. According Lewin, the change process involves finding the impression that even a change is needed, instead progressing to a new, required level of action and eventually cementing the behaviour as norm. The design is also commonly implemented in the form of modern designs of transition (Senior and Swailes, 2016).
Unfreezing: This must go through the essential step of unfreezing until a move can be enforced. Since many people naturally embrace change, the aim during unfreezing process is to create awareness of how the, or existing acceptance level, in certain way hinders the organisation. Old habits, conceptual frameworks, procedures, individuals, and cooperative societies must all be examined to show workers how important a transition is to build or create a competitive edge on the market for the company (McCalman and Potter, 2015).
Changing: Lewin acknowledged that shift is a method in which the organisation must modify or move into this new phase of being. This transition also alluded to as "transitioning" or "moving," is labelled by the shift getting implemented.
Refreezing: Lewin named his transition template freezing the final phase, yet many consider it refreezing to signify the process of strengthening and cementing the new country during the change. The modifications to institutional procedures, priorities, structure, proposals or persons are embraced and refrigerated as the new standard (Cameron, Green, 2015).
Benefits of Lewin’s change model
The model helps in considering the changes and implementing new change more relatively. It is often observed that the change management assist the management to remain more prominent to staff member of employees and make the changes to more practical manner.
Kotter’s change model
Step 1: Create Urgency: this model Identifies and highlights with the potential threats and the repercussions which might crop up in the future. In this stage changes are examined with possible opportunities that can lead effective interventions. Key stakeholders and customers are convinced with practical reason and anticipated growth opportunities.
Step 2: Form a Powerful Coalition: Construct an influential alliance of transition which would work as a team. Identify the weaknesses in the conservative party teams and make sure that somehow the team includes many prominent people from various bridge-functional sectors and that the organisation works at multiple levels.
Step 3: Create a Vision for Change: this stage identifies the fundamental goals and characterize the sole perception and approaches for a department's reform. It Focus on ensuring that the leaders of change may successfully characterize the dream in a way that people may readily acknowledge and pursue.
Step 4: Communicate the Vision: It is quite energetically and persuasively interacting the shift in perception. Communicate its view to all the key elements such as assessments, mentoring, etc. Manage people's interests and problems with honesty and participation.
Step 5: Remove Obstacles: Make sure organisational procedures and composition are all in location and associated with the plan of the company. It Sustains surveillance of obstacles or individuals that embrace change. Enforce reactive behaviour to take away the barriers associated with the migration process (Carnall and Todnem, 2015). Reward players for endorsing the change process and aiding it.
Step 6: Create Short-Term Wins: It can give a sense of success in the initial phases of transition by developing brief-term control early in the validation process. Rather than one lengthy-term goal, short-term objectives are created and less costly and have less possibility of failure. At last effective contributions of individuals are rewarded involved in achieving the goals.
Step 7: Build on the Change: Attain sustainable growth through individual analysis of successes and improvement from subjective experiences.
Also Read :- Importance of Management in a Company
Step 8: Anchor the Changes in Corporate Culture: Examine the effective reports of changing projects on any provided occasion. Make sure this issue is an essential part for environment and seems to be noticeable in each component of business. Maintain that both the existing business members and the current leaders to assist t