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Organisation behaviour is the application and study of knowledge about how person act in an company. A particular person have various values, personality, perception, and learning which have impact on their performance within team (What is organizational behaviour?, 2017). It is important that top authority should organise the process of prediction, understanding, changing and maintaining behaviour of employees. Along with this, it also help workers to work within group in order to make proper use of resources. In this report, A David & Co Ltd is the chosen organisation. It is a medium seized organisation within UK. This firms gives bakery items, fresh vegetable and fruits and prepare products for their customers. Likewise, it deliver these products in schools, restaurant, hotels and many more according to their demands. This report involves company's power, culture and politics on an team and individual performance. They will also use motivation techniques and theories which will aid in meeting organisational targets. Along with this, also implement philosophies as well as concepts of organisation behaviour within business.
In a firm, there are several elements like power, culture and politics which have influence on behaviour and working of particular person and group members. It is important for management to give positive atmosphere at workplace and culture to employees. It will help in executing enterprise activities properly. Therefore, politics and power are two tactics which gave negative impact on functioning of subordinates.
Organisation's culture: This involve assumptions, values and beliefs which determine behaviour of particular person within company. Management of A David & Co Limited need to consider this element in order to inspire and dedicate employees towards their responsibilities. In this, Handy’s typology of culture consists four divisions which gave impact on team and individual behaviour and performance (Handy's Model of Organisational Culture, 2018). It is used by top authority of A David & Co Ltd which are as follows:
(Source: Handy’s typology of culture, 2017)
In A David & Co Ltd, management follow task culture in order to achieve goals and objectives. Workers are divided into groups, so that enterprise can run their activities appropriately. It will help in giving quality of goods to their buyers. Along with this, it also assist higher authority to make proper use of resources effectively by influencing group members performance and behaviour as well.
Organisation politics: In this tactic, it involve activities which are operated within company in order to achieve uncertain objectives of business. Here, management utilize their power to influence and direct workers performance (Burrell and Morgan, 2017). A David & Co Ltd, employees are having different beliefs, interest and value which are driving force of politics within organisation. It is important for manager to manage politics within company in order to balance power within employees and top authorities. Hence, uncertainties and contingencies in system are removed from it.
For A David & Co Ltd, politics are negative for its functionality as workers need to work as per its interest. In this, if management will play politics it will increase the chances of complexities and uncertainties. It will gave impact on individual and team performance and behaviour. Positive politics impacts effectively on individual as well as team-members. As if top management of company conveys every major information directly to the employees then it will not make employees curious about detail. And they will focus more appropriately on their work. It will improve productivity. Negative politics discourages employees and reduces their productivity as they are not able to perform in unethical working environment. In this, employees spends more time in gossips which declines productivity level.
Organisation's power: It is an another aspect which define person's capabilities to direct work and behaviour of others. There are various parts of power like reward, legitimate, expert, coercive and so on which are selected by management for achieving companies objective. Higher authority delegate their authorities to manager and employees in order to run functions smoothly. It is important for workers to achieve targets and work within given span of time. Therefore, power involve both negative as well as positive impact on team and individual performance.
A David & Co Ltd management is using reward power which provides manager to give reward to its employees in order to retain them for a long duration. Workers are given incentives, salary and so on for their results and work. This help in motivating employees to perform work within groups in order to accomplish goals timely. Likewise, employees are involved in the process of decision making which help management to formulate effective judgements and policies. They also provide rewards for their better performance as it will help in raising morale for performing work more appropriately. Along with this, manager can delegate their powers to employees who gives their best to the company. Thus, power gave positive impact on task of an team and individual. As it will help in inspiring and motivating workers to work hard for the organisation in an effective way. Whereas, organisation power also have negative impact over employees as if individuals who owns power misuses it, then it will demotivate other staff. As a result productivity of company decline.
Motivation is a psychological, social or biological state that drive people towards particular action (Christina and et. al., 2014). It is very essential activity which is used by manager to inspire workers in order to perform their work in an effective way. For this, it is important that manager should analyse the wants and desire of particular person. Therefore, it will help workers to accomplish their task within given time period. Along with this, it will assist subordinates to achieve their goals and objectives of business. There are two types of theories and having several sub parts which are as follows:
Content theory: In this, they mainly concentrate on 'what motivates human behaviour'. It is also known as needs theory, as manager of A David & Co Ltd tries to find out what are the requirements and then inspire and motivate employees for achieving their set goals and targets. Some of content theories are given below:
Maslow hierarchy of needs
This theory is shown in a pyramid shape in which most typical requirements are at the top level and basic needs are at the bottom level. This level of requirements is presented in the hierarchy. A David & Co Ltd can also apply this theory in order to increase its productivity. This theory consists:
(Source: Maslow hierarchy of needs, 2018)
Alderfer- ERG theory
This theory is distinguished within three classes of requirements like existence, relatedness and growth. In this, both Alderfer and Maslow tries to describe how these stages, needs become less or more important to employees (Gabriel and et. al., 2015). A David & Co Ltd can also apply this theory to inspire their workforce in an positive way. This Alderfer theory involve:
(Source: Alderfer- ERG theory, 2018)
Process theory: This theory focus on How employees can be motivated. This models mainly concentrates on the process of psychological that impacts on employees motivation (Hashim and Wok, 2014). A David & Co Ltd can inspire their employees by using this theories which are:
Vroom expectancy theory
This theory is developed by Victor H. Vroom. It define that workers get inspired if they are having knowledge that enterprise targets can be meet through their actions. Some of several factors like skills, knowledge, personality, abilities and experience will gave impact on workers behaviour and working within groups. Hence, A David & Co Ltd can also use the variable of this theory are as follows:
(Source: Vroom expectancy theory, 2017)
In this, manager of A David & Co Ltd is applying Maslow hierarchy of needs in order to inspire and motivate their employees. In this, they analyse the wants and needs of every workers so that they can motivate them accordingly. This ensures that employee perform assigned work in effective manner and achieve targeted goals and objectives in order to receive desired rewards. This will assist in increasing performance and productivity level of all employees within the enterprise. Along with this, it also help in maintaining positive workplace. As a result, goals of A David & Co Ltd will be accomplished in the less time with appropriate quality. It directly contributes in growth of the company.
Team consists of two or more persons which work within a group for achieving a common target (Kitchin, 2017). It will assist organisation to integrate various perception and skills of employees for working appropriately. In A David & Co Ltd, manager make groups which help them in making a proper use of resources in an effective way. Hence, higher authority can easily meet enterprise objectives by the help of teamwork.
In an organisation, importance of team work help in improving quality as well as accomplish the project within given span of time. It is essential that groups members should have strong skills of communication. This will assist employees to inform their managers about their problems and opinions which are linked with their task. A David & Co Ltd, manger organise meeting as well as include employees for updating with modifications made in strategies and system. Management keep on updating workers about their targets which they need to achieve by them. Likewise, instruction and guidance are provided to keep group members motivated as well as dedicated towards their responsibilities.
In this, team are not effective if employees are not having purpose and aim which help in accomplishing their work effectively (Limpanitgul, Boonchoo and Photiyarach, 2014). Management of A David & Co Ltd mainly concentrate on determining workers coordination and functioning within themselves.
Therefore, manager of A David & Co Ltd need to establish effective groups for running enterprise functions properly. In this, model of Tuckman's team development is used to make groups as well as maintain coordination among each other. Hence, workers perform works in an appropriate way which assist higher authorities in achieving objectives and goals.
Tuckman's team development model: These steps are organised by higher authority of A David & Co Ltd to build an effective team which are as follows:
(Source: Tuckman's team development model, 2018)
Belbin's model of teamwork: This concepts is developed by Dr. Meredith Belbin. In this, groups help in getting success when employees are having different behaviours within team (Manzi and Darcy, 2017). It is important that all nine roles of team are assessed by manager while making teams. In this, every particular person weaknesses and strength are evaluated which assist them in building a effective team. Hence, there are various constraints of model are as follows:
(Source: Belbin's model of teamwork, 2017)
Manager of company uses concepts and philosophies to conduct and design system activities appropriately in order to achieve objectives and goals (Norton, Zacher and Ashkanasy, 2014). A David & Co Ltd is a medium sized organisation which need to give quality and fresh goods and services to their customers. It is important for higher authority to use organisational philosophies and concepts to direct workers and design system as per goals and objectives.
This term define about all the activities which organisation need to achieve. There are several elements like objectives, mission, vision and goals which are made by higher authorities to direct employees and design system. In past time, manager consider employees as an asset which need to organise work and accomplish goals within given time. With time, workers are considered as a essential resources which need to provide value. Each sector is having large numbers of organisation, it provides various choices to public which help in fulfilling their wants and needs (Schyns, 2015). Therefore, it is important that leader should motivate their teams and make them dedicated towards their work. It will assist in giving goods and services as per their needs.
Vision of A David & Co Ltd is to offer fresh food products and beverages to their buyers. Likewise, mission is to improve their enterprise as well as open branches in various countries in order to reach buyers base and large market. In this, manager need to have competent and skilled people which aid them to give fresh and quality of foods products and beverages to their buyers.
Path goal theory of leadership
This model involve various style which a manager need to posses in order to make workers fit within company. It is important that manager should motivate as well as satisfy their workers for making them for productive (Shore and Wright, 2015). It will help in meeting targets within given period of time. Their are four kinds of behaviour which manager need to follow are:
(Source: Path goal theory of leadership. 2017)
As per above report it has been concluded that the behaviour as well as performance of teams and individual are depend on higher authorities. It is important that power, culture and politics are tactics which gave influence on management functioning and acknowledge of employees. Here, management is using Maslow hierarchical need theory within their business activities in order to motivate their employee. It will assist in increasing higher level of productivity and profits. Manager of organisation also build effective team in order to accomplish business goals and objectives within given period of time. For this, they are taking help of Tuckman's team development model. Along with this, Belbin's model is also used by leaders to gain knowledge about roles of teams. It will assist them to give quality of goods and services to their buyers in order to sustain firm position within marketplace.
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Books and Journals
Bedarkar, M. and Pandita, D., 2014. A study on the drivers of employee engagement impacting employee performance. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 133. pp.106-115.
Boxall, P., Guthrie, J. P. and Paauwe, J., 2016. Editorial introduction: Progressing our understanding of the mediating variables linking HRM, employee wellâ€being and organisational performance. Human Resource Management Journal. 26(2). pp.103-111.
Burrell, G. and Morgan, G., 2017. Sociological paradigms and organisational analysis: Elements of the sociology of corporate life. Routledge.
Christina, S. and et. al., 2014. How organisational behaviour and attitudes can impact building energy use in the UK retail environment: a theoretical framework. Architectural Engineering and Design Management. 10(1-2). pp.164-179.
Coccia, M., 2014. Structure and organisational behaviour of public research institutions under unstable growth of human resources. International Journal of Services Technology and Management. 20(4-6). pp.251-266.
Gabriel, A. S. and et. al., 2015. Emotional labor actors: A latent profile analysis of emotional labor strategies. Journal of Applied Psychology. 100(3). p.863.
Hashim, J. and Wok, S., 2014. Predictors to employees with disabilities’ organisational behaviour and involvement in employment. Equality, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal. 33(2). pp.193-209.
Kinicki, A. and et. al., 2014. Management: A practical introduction. McGraw-Hill Education Australia.
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