In vitro fertilization is the process where an egg is combined with sperm outside the body, i.e. in vitro (in glass). The assisted reproductive technology (ART) gave birth to in vitro fertilization which is commonly referred as IVF. It is the process of fertilization by extracting eggs, retrieving a sperm sample, and then manually combining an egg and sperm in a laboratory dish. The embryo(s) is then transferred to the uterus. The rate of infertile couples is rising rapidly worldwide and was reported that 60 to 80 million couples are affected by fertility issues with every fifth couple in Europe with issues while conceiving offspring. Couples going through this phase of infertility became guilty for not fulfilling the needs of their partners which eventually evoke mood deterioration. The level of anxiety and depression increased as the couple failed to conceive a child. In this context, the focus of present research study would be on analysing the psychological impact on couples that undergo IVF treatments. The researcher in this cross-sectional study will conduct literature review in order to create arguments in the research study. Researcher will also elaborate the research strategy, design and methods used for the collection of data so that readers can know about the research process. With the help of Gnatt Chart, the operational plan of the for research includes achievable tasks. The description of research methodologies will be made in the research project. In this context, the aim and objective of the present research study is described below:
The aim of the research is study is “To assess the psychological effects on couples who undergo in vitro fertilization treatment.”
The summarised objectives underpinning aim of research is mentioned below:
1.To identify and comprehend the meaning of in vitro fertilisation.
2.To examine the impact of in vitro fertilisation on the psychology of couple who undergo treatment.
3.To identify measures or therapies used by health care professionals in order to transform or minimise the effects of psychological factors in couples.
BACKGROUND OF STUDY
The Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) gave birth to in vitro fertilisation which is commonly referred as IVF (Gardner and Simón, 2017). It is the process of fertilisation by extracting eggs, retrieving a sperm sample, and then manually combining an egg and sperm in a laboratory dish. The embryo(s) is then transferred to the uterus. In vitro fertilisation is applied for the treatment of patients who have blocked or damaged fallopian tubes, or male factor infertility including reduced sperm count or sperm motility, ovulation disorders in women or premature ovarian failure or due to uterine fibroids, or due to removal of fallopian tubes, individuals with genetic disorder and unexplained infertility. It has been studied by researchers that couples show mixed feelings regarding in vitro fertilisation. Both men and women show identical behaviour and psychological distress. After knowing that they are not able to conceive a child makes them sad and eventually their depression increases. In many cases, domestic violence has been seen between couples which lead to separation.
Research questions are the fundamental core for research study. They determine the flow of research and helps researcher in conducting research analysis in effective and efficient manner.
In the present research, researcher must answer the following questions which are listed below:
- What is the meaning of in vitro fertilisation?
- What are their impacts on the psychology of couple who undergoes treatment?
- What measures or therapies used by health care professionals in order to transform or minimise the effects of psychological factors in couples?
Research process is a process which is followed by the researcher in order to accomplish the aim and objectives of the study (Hauser and et.al., 2016). It is essential for researcher to describe the research process in explicit and succinct manner so that readers can comprehend it thoroughly. The process to scope the purpose of research is descri