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Socio-Political Psychology Report

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  • Unit No:
  • Level: High school
  • Pages: 29 / Words 7224
  • Paper Type: Assignment
  • Course Code: PSY20016
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Question :

This assessment will cover following questions:

  • How concept of money guide people to respond in a self- interested manner.
  • Demonstrate research exploring the role of political orientation in self-interested behaviour.
  • Examine the different theoretical accounts of the priming effect.
  • Critically review Vohs et al.’s work on money priming and its effect on self-interested behaviour.
Answer :

Introduction

Describe the context of the research in terms of money priming, political orientation and self-interested behaviours.

Money is utilised for exchange in regards to free market cues which helps to allow various exchanges to be happened along with justifying them (Amabile, 2018). It is being analysed that money primes are responsible for boosting up the social dominance, trust in just world, ideology of free market and justification of system. However, there are number of factors which has a contribution in terms of influencing the entire impact of prime including motivation significance of prime, ease through which primed content come in mind, an ambiguity of situation outputs and specific meaning of the prime. In addition to this, it had been analysed that individuals reminded of money which are observed to be less attuned interpersonally as compared to the neutral primes. Meanwhile, these are not considering of remaining caring, warm or pro social accordingly (Inbar and Lammers, 2012). The other aspects related to money is that people focus on using it into their profession, business and work due to having that mentality which helps to gain return from the same. Moreover, it has been evaluated that about supporting the thought about money primes in order to concentrate on economics, business ideals and trades (Corrigan and Penn, 2015).

Altruism refers to an action for improving other's well-being at risk and cost of ourselves. It includes the behaviour of concerning in regards to benefits of other people by putting self-efforts without any desire of own benefits. However, it is observed that individuals behave in altruistic ways when they see another people in desperate situations or feel empathy and a desire of help them. Money is also responsible for influencing political orientation which depend upon the subjective socio economic status of an individual. At the other hand, money priming influence self-interest when a person think about their own advantages and profits. They focus on their own interested choices and preferences for completing their needs by shifting money respectively (Tedeschi, 2013).

Discuss the finding that priming people with the concept of money.

Considering the concept of self-interested regarding money priming, it has been analysed that it is responsible for creating the thought that what an individual want in their personal life. It includes the development of self-interests aspects which focussed by a person to gain their self requirements (Pearce, 2013). Meanwhile, self-interest concept create the hypothesis of self-sufficiency which can be described as an emphasised behaviours through that an individual select their desires to be completed by money priming by avoiding involvement of another people. It has been analysed that such self interest citizens do not like to involve others or feel hesitate to consider others in their self activities. In addition to this, it is observed that people with having self sufficient condition of their mind to be remained concentrated towards agentic targets to pursue along with reducing the focus on internal likes or empathetic reactions of them through being reminded of money. Moreover, it has been identified that if a person focus on their self interest and become more individualistically oriented then it is responsible for affecting their social relations in negative way which is consistent with the self sufficiency hypothesis. Furthermore, the development of self orientation reduce the altruistic behaviour of an individual and desire to help others (Amabile and Pillemer, 2012).

Discuss the different theoretical accounts of the priming effect.

The money priming impact on mind of set of people which activates the thoughts exchanging orientation which is responsible for harming pro social responses and social relations (Van Stekelenburg and Klandermans, 2013). An individual become self interested by the influence of money prime which impact negatively on their relations and develop own desire to be fulfilled by shifting money. However the priming effect in relation to political orientation impact on their decision making which harms population accordingly. It is observed that political orientation can be positive because money prime in politics is supportive as it can be used to help close ones and other other individuals for their welfare. Moreover, the factor of altruism can be strengthen with the money prime effect as it is much sufficient to put efforts for welfare of other people. Furthermore, an individual become more individualistic where they initially think about their own desires as compared to others which seems to be quite negative in regards to other people (Bull. and Rumsey, 2012).

Describe research examining the role of political orientation in self-interested behaviour

The political orientation consist the proper understanding about left and right wing attitude of people because of their own explanatory power established by influence of personality factors. It is observed that political power an individual can develop personal desires of an individual and they give preference to it which affect negatively to other people (Pennebaker, Rim and Paez, 2013).

State the aim(s), research questions and hypotheses of the study.

First Hypothesis

(M money prime (exposure to money and no exposure to money) is taken as independent variable and the proportion of taxes allocated to charity donations is taken as dependent variable)

 

Group Statistics

 

Money condition (high vs. low)

N

Mean

Std. Deviation

Std. Error Mean

What percentage (if any) would you personally consider allocating to your chosen charity?

Low Money

56

6.4786

3.20197

.42788

High Money

54

5.0926

2.91398

.39654

 

 

Independent Samples Test

 

Levene's Test for Equality of Variances

t-test for Equality of Means

F

Sig.

t

df

Sig. (2-tailed)

Mean Difference

Std. Error Difference

95% Confidence Interval of the Difference

Lower

Upper

What percentage (if any) would you personally consider allocating to your chosen charity?

Equal variances assumed

3.268

.073

2.372

108

.019

1.38598

.58438

.22763

2.54433

Equal variances not assumed

 

 

2.376

107.645

.019

1.38598

.58338

.22958

2.54238

 

Second Hypothesis

Political orientation will be the independent variable and proportion of taxes allocated to charity donations will be the dependent variable

 

Group Statistics

 

Where do you see yourself politically on a scale of Left (liberal) to Right (conservative)?

N

Mean

Std. Deviation

Std. Error Mean

What percentage (if any) would you personally consider allocating to your chosen charity?

Right

59

6.1831

3.11980

.40616

Left

51

5.3529

3.10923

.43538

 

 

Independent Samples Test

 

Levene's Test for Equality of Variances

t-test for Equality of Means

F

Sig.

t

df

Sig. (2-tailed)

Mean Difference

Std. Error Difference

95% Confidence Interval of the Difference

Lower

Upper

What percentage (if any) would you personally consider allocating to your chosen charity?

Equal variances assumed

.356

.552

1.394

108

.166

.83011

.59557

-.35041

2.01063

Equal variances not assumed

 

 

1.394

105.811

.166

.83011

.59542

-.35039

2.01061

 

Third hypothesis

Condition with Tax

Group Statistics

Where do you see yourself politically on a scale of Left (liberal) to Right (conservative)?

Money condition (high vs. low)

N

Mean

Std. Deviation

Std. Error Mean

Right

What percentage (if any) would you personally consider allocating to your chosen charity?

Low Money

34

6.9147

3.08025

.52826

High Money

25

5.1880

2.94722

.58944

Left

What percentage (if any) would you personally consider allocating to your chosen charity?

Low Money

22

5.8045

3.34044

.71218

High Money

29

5.0103

2.93469

.54496

 

Independent Samples Test

Where do you see yourself politically on a scale of Left (liberal) to Right (conservative)?

Levene's Test for Equality of Variances

t-test for Equality of Means

F

Sig.

t

df

Sig. (2-tailed)

Mean Difference

Std. Error Difference

95% Confidence Interval of the Difference

Lower

Upper

Right

What percentage (if any) would you personally consider allocating to your chosen charity?

Equal variances assumed

.956

.332

2.167

57

.034

1.72671

.79696

.13083

3.32259

Equal variances not assumed

 

 

2.182

53.115

.034

1.72671

.79152

.13920

3.31421

Left

What percentage (if any) would you personally consider allocating to your chosen charity?

Equal variances assumed

1.733

.194

.902

49

.372

.79420

.88073

-.97569

2.56409

Equal variances not assumed

 

 

.886

41.994

.381

.79420

.89676

-1.01555

2.60395

 

Left and right with Tax

Group Statistics

Money condition (high vs. low)

Where do you see yourself politically on a scale of Left (liberal) to Right (conservative)?

N

Mean

Std. Deviation

Std. Error Mean

Low Money

What percentage (if any) would you personally consider allocating to your chosen charity?

Right

34

6.9147

3.08025

.52826

Left

22

5.8045

3.34044

.71218

High Money

What percentage (if any) would you personally consider allocating to your chosen charity?

Right

25

5.1880

2.94722

.58944

Left

29

5.0103

2.93469

.54496

 

Independent Samples Test

Money condition (high vs. low)

Levene's Test for Equality of Variances

t-test for Equality of Means

F

Sig.

t

df

Sig. (2-tailed)

Mean Difference

Std. Error Difference

95% Confidence Interval of the Difference

Lower

Upper

Low Money

What percentage (if any) would you personally consider allocating to your chosen charity?

Equal variances assumed

.042

.839

1.274

54

.208

1.11016

.87119

-.63646

2.85679

Equal variances not assumed

 

 

1.252

42.314

.217

1.11016

.88672

-.67891

2.89923

High Money

What percentage (if any) would you personally consider allocating to your chosen charity?

Equal variances assumed

.162

.689

.221

52

.826

.17766

.80250

-1.43268

1.78799

Equal variances not assumed

 

 

.221

50.769

.826

.17766

.80276

-1.43413

1.78944

 

 

Group Statistics

In the text you hopefully just read, which is true:

Where do you see yourself politically on a scale of Left (liberal) to Right (conservative)?

N

Mean

Std. Deviation

Std. Error Mean

The author came from a very affluent family

Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding Short Form

Right

34

64.74

12.226

2.097

Left

22

68.50

12.648

2.697

The author came from a family that didn’t have much money

Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding Short Form

Right

25

66.12

15.530

3.106

Left

29

69.79

11.191

2.078

 

Independent Samples Test

In the text you hopefully just read, which is true:

Levene's Test for Equality of Variances

t-test for Equality of Means

F

Sig.

t

df

Sig. (2-tailed)

Mean Difference

Std. Error Difference

95% Confidence Interval of the Difference

Lower

Upper

The author came from a very affluent family

Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding Short Form

Equal variances assumed

.004

.950

-1.110

54

.272

-3.765

3.391

-10.562

3.033

Equal variances not assumed

 

 

-1.102

43.865

.276

-3.765

3.416

-10.649

3.120

The author came from a family that didn’t have much money

Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding Short Form

Equal variances assumed

1.544

.220

-1.007

52

.319

-3.673

3.649

-10.995

3.649

Equal variances not assumed

 

 

-.983

42.923

.331

-3.673

3.737

-11.210

3.864

 

One-Sample Statistics

Where do you see yourself politically on a scale of Left (liberal) to Right (conservative)?

N

Mean

Std. Deviation

Std. Error Mean

Right

Money condition (high vs. low)

59

1.42

.498

.065

What percentage (if any) would you personally consider allocating to your chosen charity?

59

6.1831

3.11980

.40616

Left

Money condition (high vs. low)

51

1.57

.500

.070

What percentage (if any) would you personally consider allocating to your chosen charity?

51

5.3529

3.10923

.43538

 

One-Sample Test

Where do you see yourself politically on a scale of Left (liberal) to Right (conservative)?

Test Value = 0

t

df

Sig. (2-tailed)

Mean Difference

90% Confidence Interval of the Difference

Lower

Upper

Right

Money condition (high vs. low)

21.942

58

.000

1.424

1.32

1.53

What percentage (if any) would you personally consider allocating to your chosen charity?

15.223

58

.000

6.18305

5.5041

6.8620

Left

Money condition (high vs. low)

22.396

50

.000

1.569

1.45

1.69

What percentage (if any) would you personally consider allocating to your chosen charity?

12.295

50

.000

5.35294

4.6233

6.0826

 

One-Sample Statistics

 

N

Mean

Std. Deviation

Std. Error Mean

What percentage (if any) would you personally consider allocating to your chosen charity?

110

5.7982

3.12835

.29828

Where do you see yourself politically on a scale of Left (liberal) to Right (conservative)?

110

1.46

.501

.048

 

One-Sample Test

 

Test Value = 0

t

df

Sig. (2-tailed)

Mean Difference

90% Confidence Interval of the Difference

Lower

Upper

What percentage (if any) would you personally consider allocating to your chosen charity?

19.439

109

.000

5.79818

5.3034

6.2930

Where do you see yourself politically on a scale of Left (liberal) to Right (conservative)?

30.643

109

.000

1.464

1.38

1.54

 

 

Independent Samples Testa

What percentage (if any) would you personally consider allocating to your chosen charity?

Levene's Test for Equality of Variances

t-test for Equality of Means

F

Sig.

t

df

Sig. (2-tailed)

Mean Difference

Std. Error Difference

95% Confidence Interval of the Difference

Lower

Upper

.00

Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding Short Form

Equal variances assumed

8.897

.031

.551

5

.605

7.600

13.784

-27.834

43.034

Equal variances not assumed

 

 

.353

1.110

.780

7.600

21.558

-209.874

225.074

1.00

Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding Short Form

Equal variances assumed

.

.

.115

1

.927

.500

4.330

-54.519

55.519

Equal variances not assumed

 

 

.

.

.

.500

.

.

.

2.00

Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding Short Form

Equal variances assumed

.

.

-12.124

1

.052

-10.500

.866

-21.504

.504

Equal variances not assumed

 

 

.

.

.

-10.500

.

.

.

4.00

Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding Short Form

Equal variances assumed

.

.

.750

2

.531

6.000

8.000

-28.421

40.421

Equal variances not assumed

 

 

.

.

.

6.000

.

.

.

5.00

Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding Short Form

Equal variances assumed

.026

.873

.862

28

.396

4.800

5.565

-6.600

16.200

Equal variances not assumed

 

 

.902

20.397

.378

4.800

5.322

-6.288

15.888

7.00

Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding Short Form

Equal variances assumed

6.533

.063

.873

4

.432

6.250

7.158

-13.623

26.123

Equal variances not assumed

 

 

.902

2.257

.453

6.250

6.927

-20.524

33.024

8.00

Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding Short Form

Equal variances assumed

.

.

-3.269

3

.047

-27.250

8.335

-53.777

-.723

Equal variances not assumed

 

 

.

.

.

-27.250

.

.

.

10.00

Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding Short Form

Equal variances assumed

1.763

.198

-.044

22

.965

-.263

5.956

-12.616

12.090

Equal variances not assumed

 

 

-.037

5.248

.972

-.263

7.084

-18.216

17.690

CONCLUSION

It involves the background of current theories stating that this is the responsibility of dispositional individualism to perform a notable role in the future of political leaning. It was analysed that the presumption created was about individualism because it has an important role.

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