Introduction to Sustainable Tourism Development
As per the current market scenario, it has been spotted that travel and tourism sector has various opportunities and it plays a key role in effective development of economic system. In the support of this, it can be said that number of travel and tourism activities has been initiated by the government of different nations in order to promote domestic tourism at the global level. Sports, entertainment, education, etc have become critical aspects for the effective and sustainable development of travel and tourism sector. In addition to this, it can be said that the number of service users are more attracted towards exploration of diverse nations in order to meet their needs. It means that it is also essential for this sector to consider customer’s needs and perception in order to meet the objective of sustainable tourism development. In regards to this, various countries are hosting major sporting activities or events in order to promote tourism effectively. Classification of events can be as Commonwealth games, FIFA, Cricket World Cup, Domestic sports leagues, cultural festival, etc.
In the current study, learning will focus on tourism development of Chumbe Island in order to understand the key concept of sustainable tourism development. It will focus on the concept of rationale planning which can boost the working of travel and tourism industry. Further, this study will also focus on providing information regarding various approaches which facilitate in effective planning and development of travel and tourism sector. It will also make understand about the significance of planning for sustainable development of this sector. Other than this, current learning will also have spot light on the current issues that local authorities can face during planning and development of tourism activities in order to attain sustainability factor. Furthermore, it will also focus on socio-cultural, environmental and economic aspects of tourism in the respect of developing countries and emerging destinations.
Stakeholders and benefits they can attain from planning and development
As per the structured study of tourism planning, it can be said that there are number of stakeholders that play key roles in effective development of travel and tourism activities within East Africa. In other words, it can be said that effective planning and development of tourism activities are considered as techniques which have great involvement of government and other bodies. With an improved focus on tourism development, government can boost economic development of the nation. However, there are several essential elements which are needed to be included by the committees of tourism development. It has also been spotted that every destination has unique features so in this respect, governance can focus on effective development of tourism as per features. It will amend opportunities for travel and tourism sector as well as medical sector which is indirectly beneficial for the development of society. In recent years, government of destination may also focus on effective conservation of its marine culture in order to boost opportunities for the sustainable development. Other than this, number of new teams has also been established in order to have effective development of travel and tourism within East Africa.
Moreover, number of local business organisations also play vital role in effective and sustainable development of travel and tourism sector. In other aspect, it can be said that local business firms get highest benefits from tourism such as number of international business organisations are attracted towards research on coral . Other than this, UN recognition tourism activities may also attract international firms towards destination which boosts opportunities for local business organisations. It also facilitates local business firms to build strong relationship with international giants and provide opportunity to enter into the global market.
Furthermore, it has also been spotted that number of travellers are focusing on coral activities. It means that travel and tourism sector can also attain various benefits by focusing on effective development of tourism activities within destination. Travellers are considered as the most important stakeholder for tourism sector during public events. It is essential for travel sector to ensure that they are providing quality of services to its audience in order to provide better experience to the customers and attain better profit. Tourism development authorities are also focusing on various activities which are focused on preserving natural resources such as coral, medical sources, etc. These kinds of development and activities of different stakeholders provide better opportunities to the sector as well as nation.
In addition to this, it can be said that he local businesses can have better opportunities because the increase in ratio of visitors to the destination also provides an opportunity to enhance sales. It is because the demand of services get boosted due to advancement in number of visitors. These kinds of aspects also have positive impact on the economic conditions which relates directly with the revenue of government. With an improved focus on sustainable tourism the government can also boost up the tax income. It creates positive environment which also provides better satisfaction level among customers and leads businesses to impressive level of success. Sustainable tourism provides better experience to the clients while attaining services which is beneficial for long term development.
Advantages and Disadvantages of public/ private sector tourism planning partnerships
- Key advantage of hosting educational activities such as conference facilitates government to develop destination in an appropriate manner which will directly influence the economic and infrastructural development in a positive manner.
- With an improved focus on partnership between private and public sector organisations, tourism development authorities can boost the quality of services.
- It also facilitates in maintaining the natural and cultural environment of destination in an effective manner.
- It also provides better opportunities to tourism sector by maintaining significant relationship with public and private organisations.
- It also amends coordination in diverse development activities such as infrastructure, transportation, medical, etc.
- Improved level of services and activities will also boost the morale of travellers. It attracts individuals who are preferred eco-tourism, medical tourism and educational tourism.
- It has been identified that partnership working may higher the cost of operations.
- If, private and public sector have different views on the cultural aspects then it may impact the overall development of tourism activities within Chumbe Island.
- Nature and concept diversification can also create issues in context to maintain tourism activities.
- It may create non-disclosure of activities which will have direct negative impact on the economic condition of Chumbe Island.
For example, the government has started focus on number of development activities in regard to travel and tourism sector that means the optimistic use of natural and cultural resources has been increased. Proper support has been provided to the infrastructure, transportation, medical, etc. which is beneficial to render convenience among customers. Another example, can be that government is looking to introduce heritage destination for sustainable development but private sector is looking to introduce water park. This kind of differences in values may affect overall development of tourism.
In order to have effective development in travel and tourism sector, it is necessary for authorities to understand advantages and disadvantages of public/private sector tourism planning in an effective manner. In this respect, it can be said that tourism development of authorities of Chumbe Island and other destinations in East Africa need to focus on diverse analysis and evaluation processes which can provide information regarding pros and cons of tourism planning partnerships. It is essential for private sector organisations to ensure that they are effectively focusing on corporate social responsibilities in order to have effective management and control. On the other side, public sector organisation has responsibility to ensure that every activity performed by them should be accurate and will provide efficiency to the entire tourism development.
Analysing the features of tourism development planning at different levels
With the help of various international organisations, interactive planning activities have been conducted by this sector to attract international visitors towards the destinations. Service users can also study the nature and enjoy coral activities available within region. It is also contributing effectively in the development of economic system by generating high revenues from tourism activities.
At national level, government is conducting various study to understand the natural beauty present at the destination. In addition to regional level, it can be said that departments are focusing on creating awareness among regional population so that nature, coral and tourism activities can be protected in an appropriate manner.
As per the structured study, it can be said that there are number of features of tourism development planning at different levels which can boost the effectiveness of tourism destination. In order to have effective development of educational seminars and events, public authority focuses on taking diversified decisions. In other words, it can be said that planning process is consisted of various factors that are related with the destination so that event or activity can be accomplished in an appropriate manner. In addition to this, it can be said that public organisations also focus on the effective interpretation of economic conditions so that activities can be planned in an appropriate manner. It also requires effective assistance of private business organisations in order to have proper arrangement of the overall event and development.
Moreover, local authorities also play a vital role in tourism development activities by focusing on various steps. Classification of key activities in the tourism development can be as detailed research, goal setting, strategic decision, development of plan, implementation, monitoring and review etc. In this respect, it can be said that private and public sector organisations are focused on key aspects of destination so that better strategies can be designed in order to meet the objective of sustainable tourism development. Authorities also need to focus on various monitoring tools such as taking feedback from service users so that new emerging issues can be spotted out effectively and alternative strategies can be used to overcome those issues.
As per the study, it can be said that tourist destination local authorities can host various educational events and training programs in order to attract students and professionals towards tourism activities. Number of educational and medical conferences also play vital role in the development of tourism sector as it attracts medical professionals and students to a great extent.
Evaluating the significance of interactive planning system and processes in tourism development
As per the structured study, it can be said that interactive planning system and processes in tourism development activities are significant as these provides various new opportunities to the tourism development authorities. In order to have sustainable development, tourism development authorities and government need to focus on key factors such as interactive planning, proper involvement of diverse stakeholders in decision making process, etc.
With an improved focus on interactive planning, government can easily promote tourism activities at the international level. It will also provide better ability to develop success factors within destination. In order to have sustainable development, it is necessary for all the stakeholders and authorities to make efforts in a collective manner as it will also generate better profit margin ratio. It is also essential for all the public and private authorities to work in a manner that helps in generate better revenue in an ethical manner. One of key disadvantage of interactive planning is that it may increases the conflict situation among members due to differences in culture. Other than this, the improper consideration of key principles among stakeholders may affect the overall outcome.
In Decision making process, there must have proper participation of suppliers, hospitality organisations, educational institutions, travel agents, etc. With an assistance of interactive planning system, tourism development authorities can effectively conduct educational tours, seminars etc. Number of responsibilities also need to be performed by the managers such as monitoring of infrastructural development activities, preservation of natural and coral resources available at the destination etc. Stakeholder participation may create issue in respect to decision making process because it might be possible that belief of stakeholder and management may be different. It means it is significant for management to ensure that belief of stakeholder is same in order to boost participation.
Regular meetings need to be conducted in which information regarding development activities can be shared with all the stakeholders. Issues can also be discussed in the meetings and group discussion in order to identify various new ways that can promote tourism activities within destination. Number of supportive activities also need to be performed by the stakeholders so that financial and non-financial activities can be attained by the travel and tourism industry. Improper communication among members may affect the overall development because it may create issue for organisation. Miscommunication due to improper communication is one of key disadvantage.
Evaluation of the different methods available to measure tourist impact
In order to have effective development opportunities, it is necessary for tourism development authorities to focus on various impacts of tourism activities. In this, authorities also need to focus on different methods which can measure the impact of tourism activities within destination. In this respect, it can be said that tourism activities impact can be in diverse manner such as economy, environment, education, general public, etc.
In order to have effective measurement, proper monitoring system is required with an assistance of visitor’s survey. Number of needs identification theories can be used to evaluate the behaviour of customers towards services of tourism sector.
As per the structured study, it can be said that effective development of tourism activities influence the income level of citizens to a great context which is beneficial for the effective development of economic system. In other words, it can be said that if number of travellers visit destination to understand the environment and nature of destination then it will increase the profit margin ratio of tourism sector which is indirectly beneficial for the economic development. It also provides better opportunities to local citizens in order to interact with guests who come from diverse nations and provide better exposure to the learning activities.
International medical research team has arrived at destination to understand the flora and fauna present within region. This will also provide a great exposure to local educational institutions and students. Moreover, environment impact assessment is also advantageous as it facilitates travel and tourism authorities to realize the concern or significance in regard to the environment. It also assists authorities to set out new ways that can maintain better environment standards for the better development of tourist activities.
Monitoring of activities
It is also necessary for management to focus on past records and documents in order to have effective monitoring of activities. The financial outcomes and other aspects can be analysed for effective measurement of impact on tourism sector. Moreover, it has also been spotted that travel and tourism activities have some financial impacts such as improvement in sales, income and profit margin ratio.
Concept of sustainability in tourism development
Sustainable tourism means the development of tourism sector with a participation of various stakeholders. It provides strong potential to ensure that the goals and objectives are accomplished in effective manner. It is a continuous process that provides effective monitoring and lead to long term benefits.
Sustainable development in travel and tourism sector, it is collective working of authorities to have detailed learning regarding the sustainable factors of destination. In other aspect, it can be stated that authorities can focus on various development activities in regard to cultural tourism activities within destination in order to attain sustainable tourism opportunities.
Cultural tourism is essential section of sustainable tourism which is considered as the technique that allows tourism development authorities to provide better preservation to its heritage sites and key features in an appropriate manner. It means that with an improved focus on sustainable tourism, authorities can preserve studies and educational institutions in an appropriate manner in order to meet the objective of sustainable tourism development. African culture is also different as compared to other destinations in the world so with an improved focus on the establishment of various cultural events, government authorities can provide better support to sustainable tourism development. However, this kind of tourism for destination can be helpful because it assists management and authorities to showcase its civilization in a suitable way as well as creates employment opportunities to amend employment rate.
Furthermore, in order to attain sustainable development opportunities, it is also essential for local authorities to focus on better preservation of diverse heritage sites. It will attract more and more customers towards destination and boosts opportunities for travel and tourism sector. Other than this, it is also necessary for authorities to focus on various elements that are related with the safety of environment. It means that political factors must provide support to the infrastructure development and conservation of environmental aspect in order to attain sustainable tourism development.
Moreover, with an improved focus on these activities, travel and tourism sector can amend the satisfaction level of guests and render an efficient return to the nation. In other words, it can also be said that tourism sector must focus on activities that provide social and economic advantages to diverse stakeholders of the sector. In order to have sustainable development the business organisation also need to focus on health and safety act 1974. It helps in effective accomplishment of various duties which is beneficial for enhanced level of customer satisfaction level. In addition to this, sales of goods act 1979 will allow management of resort to sold goods in appropriate manner. It will also provide proper ensurement about quality as well as price of product. Proper information regarding product and services must be provided to customer’s. It will increase the satisfaction level of customer’s and provide better sustainability the business.
Analyses of factors that may hinder sustainable tourist development
It has been spotted that there are number of factors that can hinder sustainable tourism development. It can be classified as lack of funds, terrorist activities and diverse illegal activities.
As per the structured study, it has been noticed that economic condition of destination is not good and it can impact the sustainable development of tourism activities. Every development activity requires high level of investment in order to meet objectives. But, economic system is not effective and it faces diverse issues in financial aspect which can impact the investment ratio. For example, government is looking to increase its investment in tourism development activities but they do not have proper funds for it. It will create an issue for government and may hinder sustainable tourist development.
Moreover, it has been spotted that East African nations are facing key issues in context to diverse illegal activities. It means that it is necessary for governing authorities to ensure that people are not involved in any kind of illegal or unethical activity. If, ratio of illegal activities increases then it will impact the perception of customers in a negative manner and also influence sustainable tourist development in a negative way. For example, the hospitality organisation is looking forward to business expansion but the government authorities does not provide permission in that regard. It will affect the development activities in negative manner. It also indicates that the legal aspects may impact business in diverse manner.
Other than this, terrorist activities can also influence tourism development activities in an adverse manner. It has been spotted that criminal gangs and terrorist prefer low literacy locations for set up terrorist camps. East African nations are also facing diverse issues in this context such as drug dealing, illegal diamond market, etc. These kinds of activities influence the perception of visitors negatively and also impact the overall development in a negative manner. It is necessary for development authorities to ensure diverse factors that can influence the overall development. For example, the Hotel Taj at Mumbai has faced terror attack that has created a negative impact on the sustainable development of Indian tourism sector. After that incident the ratio of foreign tourist has been decreased.
Analysing different stages in planning for sustainability
In order to have effective planning, it is necessary for government authorities and tourism department to focus on various steps that can provide better learning regarding various subjects of this sector.
In this respect, it can be said that introductory stage is considered as the first stage. In this, it is necessary for management to have effective identification of various tourism activities. Proper information regarding hospitality services, transportation, etc need to be gathered so that further actions can be accomplished in an appropriate manner. Information regarding key issues within tourism sector also needs to analyse in most suitable manner so that effective strategies can be designed for the sustainable development. It is significant because without analysing the key aspects the planning activities can not be accomplished in appropriate manner. In this existing factors that are present within organisation also need to be evaluated in appropriate manner. Along with this, the key strategies that provide success of organisation also need to be assessed in order to have sustainable development. In this respect, the budget for activities implementation will also be evaluated so that business can have impressive level of success.
In second stage, it is also necessary for management to create awareness about tourist destination. It is all about rendering efficient knowledge regarding various features of destination. It can be taken into account by considering advertising and promotional tools. In this respect, it can also be said that most of tourism activities are designed and implemented in this section in order to meet the objectives. Current stage is necessary to consider because it helps in understanding key factors of success which need to be consider for sustainable development.
At last, declining stage is also one of significant aspects for the effective planning of sustainable tourism activities. In this respect, it can be asserted that most of time travel and tourism sector faces issues in this stage due to high ratio of competition in the market. In this, it is necessary for the management to focus on various innovative activities that can boost the opportunities for travel and tourism sector. Innovation must be implemented in such manner that costing of activities can be reduced. Effectiveness of activities must be improved in appropriate manner for better success in the market.
In other words, it can be said that government and authorities also need to bring number of changes within operational activities as per the needs or expectations of customers in order to meet the objectives of sustainable development. Various alternative methods can also be used to manage development activities in the most sustainable manner.
Evaluation of methods of resolving a conflict of interest to ensure the future wellbeing of developing tourism destination
Enclave tourism is considered as one of important terms that helps in effective identification of travel and tourism activities. In this respect, it can be said that sustainable tourism development requires resort development and other supportive activities at small geographical area. It includes accommodation, entertainment, food, etc. It has also been spotted that enclave tourism is essential for the betterment of developing nation. Classification of issues can be as:
- Lack of proper infrastructure
- Improper support of fisherman
- Imbalance in economic system
In this, regard, government is focused towards the effective development of various development near beach areas but they are facing some issues due to improper support of fisherman present within region. It impacts the overall development in a negative manner. Other than this, lack of proper infrastructure within destination is also one of critical issues for travel and tourism sector. Improper availability of hospitality services reduces the experience of customers as well as their satisfaction level. Other than this, imbalance in economic system also creates barriers for the travel and tourism sector.
Ways to overcome issues
Moreover, there are few methods that can be used by government and development authorities in order to overcome such issues. Authorities can focus on activities that can create awareness among fisherman regarding development. Government can provide information regarding the key advantages of development to the society in order to defeat issue. Number of measures can be taken into account to ensure about hospitality services available within region. In support of this it can be said that citizens must have proper understanding about various indirect developments such as GDP advancement, job opportunities, etc. Government can also take further initiatives to provide better benefits and facilitate travel and tourism sector to overcome conflict situation.
Implication of balancing supply and demand
As per the given case, the island based destinations are key successive factors of tourism. These kinds of destinations are well known for the ecological creation and exceptional coral ridge. These kinds of attractions are most famous tourist places which contains sanctuary's and provide close exposure to diverse reserves in the forest. In this support, it can be said that travellers visit to the destinations and sanctuary to enjoy nature as well as to study the exceptional coral ridge available at destination. Travel and tourism sector faces various issues in regard to supply and demand of services within destinations as there is low availability of service providers. Hospitality and accommodation services are only offered by various authorities. If fisherman provide support that issue of supply and demand can be overcome.
In addition to this, the staffing issue is also one of critical issue that in-balance the supply and demand so better awareness must be created among fisherman for participation. Information about job opportunities in sector must be provided which also helps in overcome the issues. In this regard, it is necessary for organisations to focus on diverse activities that provide information regarding the expected demand ratio.
In this support, management tourism authorities can analyse the performance of overall travel and tourism sector. With an assistance of market analysis, management can estimate the approx. number of tourists who visit to the destination every year. In tourism season, number of visitors is increased that hamper service quality. For example: tourism sector can evaluate the previous month sales in order to understand the demand ratio. If, demand is high as per the evaluation of industry’s performance then management can take various measures and initiatives to manage supply. It will also facilitate business firm to manage services in an effective manner in the context of supply as well as quality.
In order to overcome the issue of supply and demand, it is also necessary for business entity to provide better facilities to the employees. It will enhance the morale and satisfaction level of employees and assist in overcome issue. Advancement in satisfaction level will balance the ratio of supply and demand for leading business to impressive level of success.
Company can also examine previous issues that they have faced due to imbalance between supply and demand. It will allow management to focus on various innovative activities that have been adopted previously to manage balance. With an effective evaluation of such issues, management can also redesign some activities that lead to maintain balance between supply and demand aspects.
Moral and ethical issues of enclave tourism
It has been spotted that there are number of moral and ethical issues in enclave tourism that can impact the overall sustainable development within this sector. As per the structured study of enclave tourism, it can be said that while development of tourism activities, authorities face number of issues in regard to environmental aspect. In other words, it can be said that environmental issues also impact some ethical and moral duties.
It has also been witnessed that while developing 400 apartments at beach, authorities have faced moral issues that have impacted the overall development of tourism activities within destination. Some of ethical issues have also been faced by the tourism department such as development activities include cutting of forest.
These kinds of activities have various positive influences on travel and tourism sector but it has negative impact on the environmental condition of the nation. It is also considered as violation of moral duty as well as ethical duty. In order to overcome issues effectively, development authorities of destination have focused on various unique approaches that can improve the quality of services in order to meet the moral and ethical duties effectively. In addition to this, effective monitoring of the overall development plan is one of significant factors that can amend to accomplish ethical and moral duties.
Staffing from outside the destination
One of ethical issue is attracting staffing from outside the destination instead of hiring local ones. Key reason behind that is fisherman are not having detailed information about the operational activities. Moreover, the low ratio of information among them about hospitality and its activities forces management to have outsource staffing. However, the costing of training is also high that impacts overall development cost in negative manner. In this regard to overcome issue the fisherman can be hire as supportive staff in development activities.
Ways to overcome issues
In order to resolve the issues related to moral and ethical duties, management of destination can focus on various management aspects. It is necessary for management to ensure that diverse ethical standards can be set out in human resource practice so that better trust and loyalty factors can be boosted among employees. If, organization is not following ethics and fair trade practices then it is possible that they can face issues while coordinating with suppliers, workers and customers.
Comparing recent issue connected with tourism development
Developing destination (Tanzania)
As per the study of current market situation, it can be said that Tanzania is becoming one of most famous tourist destinations as government is having diverse efforts in order to boost travel and tourism development activities. It has also been spotted that tourism sector facilitates government to have effective development of nation GDP. It is one of East African nations so there are number of issues that impact the overall development of travel and tourism sector. One of key issues is regarding to stable economic system and GDP which create various barriers for the firm. Illegal activities have also been increased in a diverse manner which also impacts the perception of customers in a negative manner. Drug smuggling and Illegal exchange of diamonds are one of critical issues for the nation so it is necessary for government to ensure about these issues in order to have effective development of tourism activities.
Another key issue is regarding environmental condition, so it has been spotted that key strength of destination is its natural beauty but government is not able to maintain this aspect effectively. Water pollution near destination is influencing customer satisfaction level in a negative manner which impacts the overall development of tourism activities.
Developed destination (UK)
On the other side, in UK the tourism sector faces issues in regard of availability of new destinations. Clients demand for new attractions in order to have better experience so government need to focus on development of new location. It demands high ratio of investment that is one of critical issue for sector. Economic issue is also one of critical factor for UK so government and authorities need to focus on it in appropriate manner for sustainable development.
Recommendations for future development of tourism.
As per the structured study, it can be said that there are number of issues that impact the effective development of tourism activities. In support of this, it can be said that economic issue is one of critical problems for the nation so that it is essential for management to ensure about taxation policies. For example: government can increase tax rate on income and luxury services to boost the financial condition of nation. It will improve the overall financial ratio in an effective manner which is beneficial for tourism as well as social development. In order to have better future of tourism activities within UK and Tanzania, government can set out various environmental standards so that natural beauty can be maintained in an effective manner. Coral research centre can also be established with an assistance of public private partnership model. It will also attract various educational professionals to visit UK and Tanzania which is beneficial for the effective development of travel and tourism activities.
Moreover, proper transportation facilities need to be developed by government in order to have better tourism opportunities. Number of ozone-friendly leisure activities need to be developed within destination to prompt overseas tourists in order to revisit.
As per the above study, it can be concluded that in order to have sustainable development, it is necessary for the government and other authorities to work in an integrated manner. It has also been spotted that tourist department of Chumbe Island and Tanzania government need to consider social, economic and environmental factors as critical factors for the sustainable development. Some of the ethical issues have also been faced by the tourism department as development activities include cutting of forest. It is essential for government to ensure about diverse environmental standards in order to maintain the natural beauty of destination. It has also been spotted that East African nations are facing key issues in context to diverse illegal activities so government can focus on collective work style with assistance of diverse international organisations that can amend measures in this context.
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